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A worldwide perspective of the legislation and regulations governing sentinel plants

  • Anna Maria Vettraino
  • Alberto SantiniEmail author
  • Christo Nikolov
  • Jean-Claude Grégoire
  • Rumen Tomov
  • Andrei Orlinski
  • Tiit Maaten
  • Halldór Sverrisson
  • Bjørn Økland
  • René Eschen
Original Paper

Abstract

Sentinel plants, plants in exporting countries that are inspected at regular intervals for signs and symptoms of invertebrate pests and microbial pathogens, are a promising tool for detecting and identifying harmful organisms of woody plants prior to their introduction into importing countries. Monitoring of sentinel plants reveals crucial information for pest risk analyses and the development of mitigation measures. The establishment of sentinel plants requires the import and plantation of non-native plants, which may be affected by the laws, regulations and administrative procedures in the individual countries. To evaluate the feasibility of sentinel plants as a global approach, this study aimed to summarise regulations and administrative procedures that affect the establishment of sentinel plants using non-native plants in countries worldwide. Information about national regulations of import and planting of non-native plant species was collected through a questionnaire survey, conducted among national representatives to the International Plant Protection Convention. Over 40 countries responded. The results show that legislations and regulations should not be major obstacles for a global use of the sentinel plants approach. However, the few existing experiences show that it can be complicated in practice. Here we describe the current state of art of the procedures that should be adopted to establish sentinel plants and we propose a strategy to circumvent the shortcomings resulting from the lack of a specific regulation.

Keywords

Sentinel plants Import Plantations Alien tree species National regulations 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by COST Action Global Warning (FP1401). RE’s contribution was also supported by CABI with core financial support from its member countries (see http://www.cabi.org/about-cabi/who-we-work-with/key-donors/ for details).

Supplementary material

10530_2019_2098_MOESM1_ESM.docx (34 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 34 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Maria Vettraino
    • 1
  • Alberto Santini
    • 2
    Email author
  • Christo Nikolov
    • 3
  • Jean-Claude Grégoire
    • 4
  • Rumen Tomov
    • 5
  • Andrei Orlinski
    • 6
  • Tiit Maaten
    • 7
  • Halldór Sverrisson
    • 8
  • Bjørn Økland
    • 9
  • René Eschen
    • 10
  1. 1.DIBAF University of TusciaViterboItaly
  2. 2.Institute of Plant Protection, C.N.RSesto FiorentinoItaly
  3. 3.National Forest Centre, Forest Research InstituteZvolenSlovakia
  4. 4.Spatial Epidemiology Lab (SpELL)Université libre de BruxellesBrusselsBelgium
  5. 5.University of ForestrySofiaBulgaria
  6. 6.EPPO/OEPPParisFrance
  7. 7.Institute of Forestry and Rural EngineeringEstonian University of Life SciencesTartuEstonia
  8. 8.Icelandic Forest ServiceIcelandic Forest Research, MógilsáReykjavíkIceland
  9. 9.Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy ResearchÅsNorway
  10. 10.CABIDelemontSwitzerland

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