Biological Invasions

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 151–162 | Cite as

An invasive population of Solidago canadensis is less sensitive to warming and nitrogen-addition than its native population in an invaded range

  • Yang Peng
  • Jian-Xia Yang
  • Xiao-Hui Zhou
  • Pei-Hao Peng
  • Jing-Ji Li
  • Shu-Min Zhang
  • Wei-Ming HeEmail author
Original Paper


Native and invasive populations might behave differentially due to contrasting genetics and histories of environmental pressures. Here we attempted to understand how climate warming and atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition influence native and invasive populations, and thus conducted an experiment to address their effects on the nine invasiveness-related traits (leaf dry matter content, specific leaf area, leaf lifespan, ramet height, ramet number, the first inflorescence buds, the first flowering, the first seed-setting, and the first dieback) of Solidago canadensis populations from the USA and China. Solidago canadensis from the USA had shorter leaf lifespan and ramet height, smaller ramet number, and earlier phenology than that from China. Warming and N addition extended leaf lifespan but failed to influence leaf dry matter content and specific leaf area; warming decreased ramet height and delayed the onset of inflorescence and flowering but N addition increased ramet height and advanced the onset of inflorescence and flowering. Six traits were more sensitive to warming or N addition in the native population than in the invasive population, and the other traits were similar; warming and N addition together had stronger effects on six traits of the native population than those of the invasive population, and the opposite was true for ramet height. Our results suggest that climate warming and N deposition might promote S. canadensis invasion, as indicated by enhanced growth, and could influence its native populations to a greater extent than its invasive populations.


Climate warming Leaf traits Nitrogen deposition Plant invasions Plant phenology Ramet traits 



We are grateful to Yan-Mei Chu, Jian Yang, and Song-Lin Shi for their help during the experiment. This study was supported by grants from the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2017YFC1200102/4) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31570538).

Authors’ contributions

W.M.H., P.H.P. and J.J.L. designed the experiment. Y.P., J.X.Y. and X.H.Z. performed the experiment and collected the data. Y.P., J.X.Y., W.M.H. and S.M.Z. analyzed the data. W.M.H., Y.P. and J.X.Y. wrote the manuscript. All authors contributed critically to the drafts and gave final approval for publication.

Supplementary material

10530_2018_1812_MOESM1_ESM.docx (38 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 37 kb)
10530_2018_1812_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (22 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (XLSX 22 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of BotanyChinese Academy of SciencesHaidian District, BeijingChina
  2. 2.College of Resources and EnvironmentUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesShijingshan District, BeijingChina
  3. 3.Institute of Ecological Resources and Landscape ArchitectureChengdu University of TechnologyChenghua District, ChengduChina
  4. 4.College of Environment and Civil EngineeringChengdu University of TechnologyChenghua District, ChengduChina

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