Biological Invasions

, Volume 19, Issue 11, pp 3365–3376 | Cite as

Phytosanitary measures to reduce the movement of forest pests with the international trade of wood products

  • Eric Allen
  • Meghan Noseworthy
  • Michael Ormsby
Forest Invasions


International trade in wood products brings the risk of the movement of tree pests, which can cause devastating ecosystem and economic damage. International phytosanitary guidelines have been created to help countries that import wood products develop import requirements to minimize pest movement. Requirements may include specific phytosanitary measures, including treatments such as heat, fumigation, chemical, or systems approaches that combine phytosanitary measures. This paper provides an overview of phytosanitary measures for the international trade of wood commodities and the regulatory framework in which they are applied.


Phytosanitary Wood treatments Phytosanitary measures Heat treatment Fumigation Chemical treatment Wood pests 


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Copyright information

© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest ServiceVictoriaCanada
  2. 2.Ministry for Primary IndustriesWellingtonNew Zealand

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