Biological Invasions

, Volume 16, Issue 12, pp 2489–2494 | Cite as

Risk assessment of the crayfish pet trade based on data from the Czech Republic

  • Jiří Patoka
  • Lukáš Kalous
  • Oldřich Kopecký
Invasion Note


The pet trade in freshwater crustaceans, including crayfish, has grown rapidly in recent decades and become an important pathway for introducing new non-indigenous species into Europe. This paper provides the first overview of non-indigenous crayfish species (NICS) traded as ornamental and their potential impact in the Czech Republic, which is the second leading importer into Europe. The paper presents a full list of traded crayfish species, their market availability, and trade names or misnomers used in the country. In total, 27 crayfish species from all three families are advertised and marketed, of which Astacus astacus is the only indigenous species. Only three NICS were recognized as very common on the market. The invasiveness and risk associated with ornamental crayfish trade were assessed using the Freshwater Invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit. Five NICS were classified into the high-risk category, the highest score being for Procambarus fallax f. virginalis. The invasiveness of crayfish indigenous to North America is significantly greater than that of crayfish from the rest of the world, and therefore regulation in this regard is recommended.


Ornamental animal Invasiveness FI-ISK Aquarium Trade names 



We thank the two anonymous referees for their valuable comments and constructive suggestions of the manuscript. We are thankful to Miloš Kroupa, Karel Roubal, and Tereza Vajglová for their help with data collection. This study was supported by the Technology Agency of the Czech Republic (TD010045). English was corrected by native speaker from English Editorial Services, s. r. o.

Supplementary material

10530_2014_682_MOESM1_ESM.docx (18 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 19 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiří Patoka
    • 1
  • Lukáš Kalous
    • 1
  • Oldřich Kopecký
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Zoology and Fisheries, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural ResourcesCzech University of Life Sciences PraguePrague 6, SuchdolCzech Republic

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