Advertisement

Biological Invasions

, Volume 16, Issue 12, pp 2489–2494 | Cite as

Risk assessment of the crayfish pet trade based on data from the Czech Republic

  • Jiří Patoka
  • Lukáš Kalous
  • Oldřich Kopecký
Invasion Note

Abstract

The pet trade in freshwater crustaceans, including crayfish, has grown rapidly in recent decades and become an important pathway for introducing new non-indigenous species into Europe. This paper provides the first overview of non-indigenous crayfish species (NICS) traded as ornamental and their potential impact in the Czech Republic, which is the second leading importer into Europe. The paper presents a full list of traded crayfish species, their market availability, and trade names or misnomers used in the country. In total, 27 crayfish species from all three families are advertised and marketed, of which Astacus astacus is the only indigenous species. Only three NICS were recognized as very common on the market. The invasiveness and risk associated with ornamental crayfish trade were assessed using the Freshwater Invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit. Five NICS were classified into the high-risk category, the highest score being for Procambarus fallax f. virginalis. The invasiveness of crayfish indigenous to North America is significantly greater than that of crayfish from the rest of the world, and therefore regulation in this regard is recommended.

Keywords

Ornamental animal Invasiveness FI-ISK Aquarium Trade names 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the two anonymous referees for their valuable comments and constructive suggestions of the manuscript. We are thankful to Miloš Kroupa, Karel Roubal, and Tereza Vajglová for their help with data collection. This study was supported by the Technology Agency of the Czech Republic (TD010045). English was corrected by native speaker from English Editorial Services, s. r. o.

Supplementary material

10530_2014_682_MOESM1_ESM.docx (18 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 19 kb)

References

  1. Barbaresi S, Gherardi F (2000) The invasion of the alien crayfish Procambarus clarkii in Europe, with particular reference to Italy. Biol Invasions 2:259–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bohman P, Edsman L, Martin P, Scholtz G (2013) The first Marmorkrebs (Decapoda: Astacida: Cambaridae) in Scandinavia. Bioinvasions Rec 2:227–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chucholl C (2013) Invaders for sale: trade and determinants of introduction of ornamental freshwater crayfish. Biol Invasions 15:125–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chucholl C, Pfeiffer M (2010) First evidence for an established Marmorkrebs (Decapoda, Astacida, Cambaridae) population in Southwestern Germany, in syntopic occurrence with Orconectes limosus (Rafinesque, 1817). Aquat Invasions 5:405–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chucholl C, Morawetz K, Groß H (2012) The clones are coming—strong increase in Marmorkrebs [Procambarus fallax (Hagen, 1870) f. virginalis] records from Europe. Aquat Invasions 7:511–519Google Scholar
  6. Hefti D, Stucki P (2006) Crayfish management for Swiss waters. B Fr Peche Piscic 6:937–950CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Holdich DM (2002) Distribution of crayfish in Europe and some adjoining countries. B Fr Peche Piscic 367:611–650CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Holdich DM, Pöckl M (2005) Does legislation work in protecting vulnerable species? B Fr Peche Piscic 376–377:809–828CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Holdich DM, Reynolds JD, Souty-Grosset C, Sibley PJ (2009) A review of the ever increasing threat to European crayfish from non-indigenous crayfish species. Knowl Manag Aquat Ecosyst 11:394–395Google Scholar
  10. Jaklic M, Vrezec A (2011) The first tropical alien crayfish species in European waters: the redclaw Cherax quadricarinatus (Von Martens, 1868) (Decapoda, Parastacidae). Crustaceana 84:651–665CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Janský V, Mutkovič A (2010) Rak Procambarus sp. (Crustacea: Decapoda: Cambaridae)—prvŷ nález na Slovensku. Acta Rer Nat Mus Nat Slov 56:64–67Google Scholar
  12. Livengood EJ, Chapman FA (2007) The ornamental fish trade: an introduction with perspectives for responsible aquarium fish ownership. University of Florida IFAS Extension, FloridaGoogle Scholar
  13. Martin P, Dorn NJ, Kawai T, van der Heiden C, Scholtz G (2010) The enigmatic Marmorkrebs (marbled crayfish) is the parthenogenetic form of Procambarus fallax (Hagen, 1870). Contrib Zool 79:107–118Google Scholar
  14. McMahon TA, Brannelly LA, Chatfield MWH, Johnson PTJ, Joseph MB, McKenzie VJ, Richards-Zawacki CL, Venesky MD, Rohr JR (2013) Chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis has nonamphibian hosts and releases chemicals that cause pathology in the absence of infection. Proc Nat Acad Sci USA 110:210–215PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Miller-Morgan T (2010) A brief overview of ornamental fish industry and hobby. In: Roberts HE (ed) Fundamentals of ornamental fish health. Blackwell, USA, pp 25–32Google Scholar
  16. Nonnis Marzano F, Scalici M, Chiesa S, Gherardi F, Piccinini A, Gibertini G (2009) The first record of the marbled crayfish adds further threats to fresh waters in Italy. Aquat Invasions 4:401–404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Papavlasopoulou I, Perdikaris C, Vardakas L, Paschos I (2014) Enemy at the gates: introduction potential of non-indigenous freshwater crayfish in Greece via the aquarium trade. Cent Eur J Biol 9:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Peay S (2009) Invasive non-indigenous crayfish species in Europe: recommendations on managing them. Knowl Manag Aquat Ecosyat 394–395:1–9Google Scholar
  19. Pekny R, Lukhaup C (2005) Aquarienkrebse in Europa—eine rasante Entwicklung! 2. Internationale Flusskrebstagung, Baden, Tagungsband, pp 78–94Google Scholar
  20. Scalici M, Chiesa S, Gherardi F, Ruffini M, Gibertini G, Nonnis Marzano F (2009) The new threat to Italian inland waters from the alien crayfish “gang”: the Australian Cherax destructor Clark, 1936. Hydrobiologia 632:341–345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Scholtz G, Braband A, Tolley L, Reimann A, Mittmann B, Lukhaup C, Steuerwald F, Vogt G (2003) Parthenogenesis in an outsider crayfish. Nature 421:806PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Soes DM, Koese B (2010) Invasive crayfish in the Netherlands: a preliminary risk analysis. EIS-Nederland, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  23. Svobodová J, Vlach P, Fischer D (2010) Legislativní ochrana raků v České republice a ostatních státech Evropy. VTEI 52:1–5Google Scholar
  24. Taugbøl T, Skurdal J (1999) The future of crayfish in Europe: How to make the best of a bad situation? In: Gherardi F, Holdich DM (eds) Crayfish in Europe as alien species—How to make the best of a bad situation?. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 271–279Google Scholar
  25. Tricarico E, Vilizzi L, Gherardi F, Copp GH (2010) Calibration of FI-ISK, an invasiveness screening tool for nonnative freshwater invertebrates. Risk Anal 30:285–292PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Turkmen G, Karadal O (2012) The survey of the imported freshwater decapod species via the ornamental aquarium trade in Turkey. J Anim Vet Adv 11:2824–2827CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Vogt G (1999) Diseases of European freshwater crayfish, with particular emphasis on interspecific transmission of pathogens. In: Gherardi F, Holdich DM (eds) Crayfish in Europe as alien species—How to make the best of a bad situation?. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 87–103Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiří Patoka
    • 1
  • Lukáš Kalous
    • 1
  • Oldřich Kopecký
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Zoology and Fisheries, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural ResourcesCzech University of Life Sciences PraguePrague 6, SuchdolCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations