Biological Invasions

, Volume 16, Issue 11, pp 2479–2488 | Cite as

Competition between introduced and native spiders (Araneae: Linyphiidae)

  • Jeremy D. Houser
  • Howard Ginsberg
  • Elizabeth M. Jakob
Original Paper

Abstract

The European sheet-web spider Linyphia triangularis (Araneae: Linyphiidae) has become established in Maine, where it often reaches very high densities. Two lines of evidence from previous work suggest that L. triangularis affects populations of the native linyphiid spider Frontinella communis. First, F. communis individuals are relatively scarce in both forest and coastal habitat where L. triangularis is common, but more common where L. triangularis is at low density. Second, in field experiments, F. communis species are less likely to settle in experimental plots when L. triangularis is present, and F. communis disappears from study plots when L. triangularis is introduced. Here we test two mechanisms that may underlie these patterns. First, we tested whether L. triangularis invades and usurps the webs of F. communis. When spiders were released onto webs of heterospecifics, L. triangularis was more likely to take over or share webs of F. communis than the reverse. We also observed natural takeovers of F. communis webs. Second, we explored the hypothesis that L. triangularis reduces prey availability for native species. We sampled flying prey in areas with L. triangularis and those where it had been removed, and found no effect of spider presence on measured prey density. We also found no effect of prey supplementation on web tenacity in F. communis, suggesting that F. communis movements are not highly dependent on prey availability. We conclude that web takeover is likely more important than prey reduction in driving negative effects of L. triangularis on F. communis.

Keywords

Spiders Web invasion Interference competition Invasive Linyphia triangularis 

References

  1. Bednarski JV, Ginsberg H, Jakob EM (2010) Competitive interactions between a native spider (Frontinella communis, Araneae: Linyphiidae) and an invasive spider (Linyphia triangularis, Araneae: Linyphiidae). Biol Invasions 12:905–912CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bolger DT, Beard KH, Suarez AV et al (2008) Increased abundance of native and non-native spiders with habitat fragmentation. Divers Distrib 14:655–665CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bradley RA (1993) The influence of prey availability and habitat on activity patterns and abundance of Argiope keyserlingi (Araneae: Araneidae). J Arachnol 21:91–106Google Scholar
  4. Burger JC, Patten MA, Prentice TR et al (2001) Evidence for spider community resilience to invasion by non-native spiders. Biol Conserv 98:241–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Burley LA, Moyer AT, Petranka JW (2006) Density of an intraguild predator mediates feeding group size, intraguild egg predation, and intra- and interspecific competition. Oecologia 148:641–649Google Scholar
  6. Cangialosi KR (1997) Foraging versatility and the influence of host availability in Argyrodes trigonum (Araneae, Theridiidae). J Arachnol 25:182–193Google Scholar
  7. Cohen J (1988) Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJGoogle Scholar
  8. Dodson GN, Beck MW (1993) Pre-copulatory guarding of penultimate females by male crab spiders, Misumenoides formosipes. Anim Behav 46:951–959CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Eberhard W (1990) Function and phylogeny of spider webs. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 21:341–372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Eichenberger B, Siegenthaler E, Schmidt-Entling MH (2009) Body size determines the outcome of competition for webs among alien and native sheetweb spiders (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Ecol Entomol 34:363–368Google Scholar
  11. Ford MJ (1977) Energy costs of the predation strategy of the web-spinning spider Lepthyphantes zimmermanni Bertkau (Linyphiidae). Oecologia 28:341–349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Garb JE, Gonzalez A, Gillespie RG (2004) The black widow spider genus Latrodectus (Araneae: Theridiidae): phylogeny, biogeography, and invasion history. Mol Phylogenet Evol 31:1127–1142PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gonzaga MD, dos Santos AJ, Dutra GF (1998) Web invasion and araneophagy in Peucetia tranquillini (Araneae, Oxyopidae). J Arachnol 26:249–250Google Scholar
  14. Hann SW (1990) Evidence for the displacement of an endemic New Zealand spider, Latrodectus katipo Powell by the South African species Steatoda capensis Hann (Araneae: Theridiidae). NZ J Zool 17:295–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Heiling AM, Herberstein ME (1999) The importance of being larger: intraspecific competition for prime web sites in orb-web spiders (Araneae: Araneidae). Behaviour 136:669–677CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hodge MA, Marshall SD (1996) An experimental analysis of intraguild predation among three genera of web-building spiders: Hypochilus, Coras and Achaearanea (Araneae: Hypochilidae, Amaurobiidae and Theridiidae). J Arachnol 24:101–110Google Scholar
  17. Hogg BN, Daane KM (2011a) Diversity and invasion within a predator community: impacts on herbivore suppression. J Appl Ecol 48:453–461CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hogg BN, Daane KM (2011b) Ecosystem services in the face of invasion: the persistence of native and nonnative spiders in an agricultural landscape. Ecol Appl 21:565–576PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Horton CC, Wise DH (1983) The experimental analysis of competition between two syntopic species of orb-web spiders (Araneae: Araneidae). Ecology 64:929–944CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Houser J (2007) The invasion of Linyphia triangularis (Araneae: Linyphiidae) in Maine: ecological and behavioral interactions with native species. Graduate Program in Neuroscience and Behavior, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MAGoogle Scholar
  21. Jakob EM (1991) Costs and benefits of group living for pholcid spiderlings: losing food, saving silk. Anim Behav 41:711–722CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Jakob EM (1994) Contests over prey by group-living pholcids. J Arachnol 22:39–45Google Scholar
  23. Jakob EM (2004) Individual decisions and group dynamics: why pholcid spiders join and leave groups. Anim Behav 68:9–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Jakob E, Porter A, Uetz G (2001) Site fidelity and the costs of movement among territories: an example from colonial web-building spiders. Can J Zool 79:2094–2100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Jakob EM, Porter AH, Ginsberg H et al (2011a) A 4-year study of invasive and native spider populations in Maine. Can J Zool 89:668–677CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Jakob EM, Skow CD, Long SM (2011b) Plasticity, learning, and cognition. In: Herberstein ME (ed) Spider behaviour: flexibility and versatility. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 307–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Jennings DT, Catley KM, Graham F (2002) Linyphia triangularis, a Palearctic spider (Araneae, Linyphiidae) new to North America. J Arachnol 30:455–460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Johnson JC, Trubl PJ, Miles LS (2012) Black widows in an urban desert: city-living compromises spider fecundity and egg investment despite urban prey abundance. Am Midl Nat 168:333–340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Katsanis A, Babendreier D, Nentwig W et al (2013) Intraguild predation between the invasive ladybird Harmonia axyridis and non-target European coccinellid species. Biocontrol 58:73–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kerr AM (2005) Behavior of the web-invading spiders Argyrodes argentatus (Theridiidae) in Argiope appensa (Araneidae) host webs in Guam. J Arachnol 33:1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Kleinteich A, Schneider JM (2011) Developmental strategies in an invasive spider: constraints and plasticity. Ecol Entomol 36:82–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Kobelt M, Nentwig W (2008) Alien spider introductions to Europe supported by global trade. Divers Distrib 14:273–280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Lehmann EL (1975) Nonparametrics: statistical methods based on ranks. Holden-Day, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  34. McNett BJ, Rypstra AL (1997) Effects of prey supplementation on survival and web site tenacity of Argiope trifasciata (Araneae, Araneidae): a field experiment. J Arachnol 25:352–360Google Scholar
  35. Nakata K, Ushimaru A (1999) Feeding experience affects web relocation and investment in web threads in an orb-web spider, Cyclosa argentoalba. Anim Behav 57:1251–1255PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Nentwig W, Kobelt M (2010) Spiders (Araneae). In: Roques A, Kenis M, Lees D, Lopez-Vaamone C, Rabitsch W, Rasplus J-Y, Roy DB (eds) BioRisk, vol 4, part 1, Alien terrestrial arthropods of Europe. Pensoft, Bulgaria, pp 131–148Google Scholar
  37. Novak T, Tkavc T, Kuntner M et al (2010) Niche partitioning in orbweaving spiders Meta menardi and Metellina merianae (Tetragnathidae). Acta Oecol 36:522–529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Nyffeler M, Sunderland KD (2003) Composition, abundance and pest control potential of spider communities in agroecosystems: a comparison of European and US studies. Agric Ecosyst Environ 95:579–612CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Paquin P, Dupérré N, Labelle S (2008) Introduced spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) in an artificial ecosystem in eastern Canada. Entomol News 119:217–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Platnick OI, Berniker L, Kranz-Baltensperger Y (2012) The goblin spider genus Ischnothyreus (Araneae, Oonopidae) in the New World. Am Mus Novit 3759:1–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Polis GA, Myers CA, Holt RD (1989) The ecology and evolution of intraguild predation: potential competitors that eat each other. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 20:297–330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Rice WR (1989) Analyzing tables of statistical tests. Evolution 43:223–225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Riechert SE, Cady AB (1983) Patterns of resource use and tests for competitive release in a spider community. Ecology 64:899–913CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Rogers LE, Hinds WT, Buschbom RL (1976) A general weight versus length relationship for insects. Ann Entomol Soc Am 69:387–389Google Scholar
  45. Rogers LE, Buschbom RL, Watson CR (1977) Length–weight relationships of shrub-steppe invertebrates. Ann Entomol Soc Am 70:51–53Google Scholar
  46. Schoener TW (1980) Length–weight regressions in tropical and temperate forest-understory insects. Ann Entomol Soc Am 73:106–109Google Scholar
  47. Simó M, Laborda Á, Jorge C et al (2011) Introduction, distribution, and habitats of the invasive spider Badumna longinqua (L. Koch, 1867) (Araneae: Desidae) in Uruguay, with notes on its world dispersion. J Nat Hist 45:1637–1648CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Smallwood PD (1993) Web-site tenure in the long-jawed spider: is it risk-sensitive foraging, or conspecific interactions? Ecology 6:1826–1835CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Snyder WE, Evans EW (2006) Ecological effects of invasive arthropod generalist predators. Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst 37:95–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Spiller DA (1984a) Competition between two spider species: experimental field study. Ecology 65:909–919CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Spiller DA (1984b) Seasonal reversal of competitive advantage between two spider species. Oecologia 64:322–331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Toft S (1987) Microhabitat identity of two species of sheet-web spiders: field experimental demonstration. Oecologia 72:216–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Toft S (1988) Interference by web take-over in sheet-web spiders. In: Haupt J (ed) XI. Europaisches Arachnologisches Colloquium, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  54. Toft S (1990) Interactions among two coexisting Linyphia spiders. Acta Zool Fenn 190:367–372Google Scholar
  55. Vink CJ, Dupérré N (2011) Nesticus eremita (Araneae: Nesticidae): redescription of a potentially invasive European spider found in New Zealand. J Arachnol 39:511–514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Wise D (1975) Food limitation of the spider Linyphia marginata: experimental field studies. Ecology 56:637–646CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Wise D (1993) Spiders in ecological webs. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeremy D. Houser
    • 1
  • Howard Ginsberg
    • 2
  • Elizabeth M. Jakob
    • 3
  1. 1.Graduate Program in Neuroscience and BehaviorUniversity of MassachusettsAmherstUSA
  2. 2.USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Coastal Field Station, Woodward Hall-PSEUniversity of Rhode IslandKingstonUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Massachusetts AmherstAmherstUSA

Personalised recommendations