Biological Invasions

, Volume 15, Issue 11, pp 2387–2401 | Cite as

A tritrophic approach to the preference–performance hypothesis involving an exotic and a native plant

  • Taiadjana M. Fortuna
  • Jozef B. Woelke
  • Cornelis A. Hordijk
  • Jeroen J. Jansen
  • Nicole M. van Dam
  • Louise E. M. Vet
  • Jeffrey A. Harvey
Original Paper

Abstract

Exotic plants often generate physical and chemical changes in native plant communities where they become established. A major challenge is to understand how novel plants may affect trophic interactions in their new habitats, and how native herbivores and their natural enemies might respond to them. We compared the oviposition preference and offspring performance of the crucifer specialist, Pieris brassicae, on an exotic plant, Bunias orientalis, and on a related native plant, Sinapis arvensis. Additionally, we studied the response of the parasitoid, Cotesia glomerata to herbivore-induced plant volatiles (HIPV) and determined the volatile blend composition to elucidate which compound(s) might be involved in parasitoid attraction. On both host plants we also compared the parasitism rate of P. brassicae by C. glomerata. Female butterflies preferred to oviposit on the native plant and their offspring survival and performance was higher on the native plant compared to the exotic. Although, headspace analysis revealed qualitative and quantitative differences in the volatile blends of both plant species, C. glomerata did not discriminate between the HIPV blends in flight-tent bioassays. Nevertheless, parasitism rate of P. brassicae larvae was higher on the native plant under semi-field conditions. Overall, P. brassicae oviposition preference may be more influenced by bottom-up effects of the host plant on larval performance than by top-down pressure exerted by its parasitoid. The potential for dietary breadth expansion of P. brassicae to include the exotic B. orientalis and the role of top-down processes played by parasitoids in shaping herbivore host shifts are further discussed.

Keywords

Exotic invasive species Volatiles Plant preference–performance Host shift Multitrophic interactions Bunias orientalis 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Roel Wagenaar for rearing the parasitoid wasps; Leo Westerd for supplying butterfly eggs; Gregor Disveld for the technical assistance in the greenhouse; Olga Kostenko and Koen Verhoeven for the fruitful discussions on the statistical analyses; Keith Clay, Antoine Branca, and two anonymous reviewers for very valuable suggestions; This work was funded by a PhD-fellowship from the Portuguese governmental institution, Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia, to T. M. Fortuna (SFRH/BD/40531/2007).

Supplementary material

10530_2013_459_MOESM1_ESM.doc (629 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 629 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Taiadjana M. Fortuna
    • 1
  • Jozef B. Woelke
    • 1
  • Cornelis A. Hordijk
    • 1
  • Jeroen J. Jansen
    • 2
  • Nicole M. van Dam
    • 3
  • Louise E. M. Vet
    • 1
  • Jeffrey A. Harvey
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Terrestrial EcologyNetherlands Institute of EcologyWageningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Analytical Chemistry, Institute for Molecules and MaterialsRadboud University NijmegenNijmegenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of Ecogenomics, Institute for Water and Wetland Research (IWWR)Radboud University NijmegenNijmegenThe Netherlands

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