Biological Invasions

, Volume 12, Issue 9, pp 2975–2978 | Cite as

Inventory of alien birds and mammals in the Wallis and Futuna Archipelago

  • Jörn Theuerkauf
  • Hervé Jourdan
  • Sophie Rouys
  • Roman GulaEmail author
  • Marta Gajewska
  • Katarzyna Unrug
  • Ralph Kuehn
Invasion Note


In November 2007 and November 2008, we conducted a bird and mammal survey on Wallis and Futuna. We found two non-native bird species on Wallis: the Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis) and the Chestnut-breasted Munia (Lonchura castaneothorax), and one on Futuna: the Jungle Myna (Acridotheres fuscus). We also recorded Black Rats (Rattus rattus) on Futuna, a recent introduction to this island. The introduction of 3 bird species and Black Rats in the last decade denotes a lack of preventive measures and demonstrates that the issue of invasive species has not received sufficient priority.


Biological invasions Myna Munia Rat Rattus 



This paper was part of an inventory of exotic species on Wallis and Futuna, organised by the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (New Caledonia), and financed by the Environmental Service of Wallis and Futuna within the framework of the Biodiversity Action Plan 2006–2010 (engagement 2007.500003). JT and RG were supported by grants of the Loro Parque Fundación (Spain) and Fonds für bedrohte Papageien—Zoologische Gesellschaft für Arten- und Populationsschutz (Germany). We thank all the staff of the Environmental Service for their cooperation and support and our colleagues F. Condamine, B. Gatimel, J.Y. Meyer, J. Munzinger, Y. Pillon and I. Richling and for their help during field work.


  1. Atkinson IAE (1973) Spread of the Ship Rat (Rattus rattus rattus L.) in New Zealand. J Roy Soc NZ 3:457–472Google Scholar
  2. Atkinson IAE, Atkinson TJ (2000) Land vertebrates as invasive species on islands served by the South Pacific regional environment programme. In: Sherley G (ed) Invasive species in the Pacific: a technical review and draft regional strategy. South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, Apia, pp 19–84Google Scholar
  3. Gill BJ (1995) Notes on the birds of Wallis and Futuna, south-west Pacific. Notornis 42:17–22Google Scholar
  4. Guyot I, Thibault J-C (1987) Les oiseaux terrestres des îles Wallis-et-Futuna (Pacifique sud-ouest). L’Oiseau et la Revue Française d’Ornithologie 57:226–250Google Scholar
  5. Guyot I, Thibault J-C (1988) La conservation de 1’avifaune des îles Wallis et Futuna. In: Thibault J-C, Guyot I (eds) Livre rouge des oiseaux menacés des régions françaises d’outre-mer Conseil International pour la Protection des Oiseaux, Saint-Cloud. Monographies du CIPO 5, France, pp 125–141Google Scholar
  6. Lowe S, Browne M, Boudjelas S (2000) 100 of the world’s worst invasive alien species, a selection from the global invasive species database. IUCN Invasive Species Specialist Group, Alien 12Google Scholar
  7. Ogden J, Gilbert J (2009) Prospects for the eradication of rats from a large inhabited island: community based ecosystem studies on Great Barrier Island, New Zealand. Biol Inv 11:1705–1717CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Rinke D, Onnebrink H, Curio E (1992) Miscellaneous bird notes from the kingdom of Tonga. Notornis 39:301–315Google Scholar
  9. Rouys S, Theuerkauf J (2003) Factors determining the distribution of introduced mammals in nature reserves of the southern province, New Caledonia. Wildl Res 30:187–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Sherley G, Timmins S, Lowe S (2000) Draft invasive species strategy for the Pacific islands region. In: Sherley G (ed) Invasive species in the Pacific: a technical review and draft regional strategy. South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, Apia, pp 1–6Google Scholar
  11. Watling D (1975) Observations on the ecological separation of two introduced congeneric mynahs (Acridotheres) in Fiji. Notornis 22:37–53Google Scholar
  12. Watling D (2004) A guide to the birds of Fiji and western Polynesia including American Samoa, Niue, Samoa, Tokelau, Tonga. Tuvalu and Wallis & Futuna. Environment Consultants Fiji, Suva, p 206Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jörn Theuerkauf
    • 1
  • Hervé Jourdan
    • 2
  • Sophie Rouys
    • 3
  • Roman Gula
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marta Gajewska
    • 4
  • Katarzyna Unrug
    • 4
  • Ralph Kuehn
    • 5
  1. 1.Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of SciencesWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Applied Zoology Laboratory, UMR CBGP, Institut de Recherche pour le DéveloppementNouméaNew Caledonia
  3. 3.Société Calédonienne d’OrnithologieNouméaNew Caledonia
  4. 4.Department of Genetics and Laboratory Animals BreedingMaria Skłodowska-Curie Memorial Cancer Center and Institute of OncologyWarsawPoland
  5. 5.Unit of Molecular Zoology, Chair of Zoology, Department of Animal Science Life Science CentreTU MünchenFreisingGermany

Personalised recommendations