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Biological Invasions

, Volume 12, Issue 6, pp 1891–1907 | Cite as

Impact of Prunus serotina invasion on understory functional diversity in a European temperate forest

  • Olivier Chabrerie
  • Jérôme Loinard
  • Sidonie Perrin
  • Robert Saguez
  • Guillaume Decocq
Original Paper

Abstract

We investigated the relationships between the overstory dominance of Prunus serotina, and the functional diversity of the understory plant communities, in a managed European forest. Vegetation, habitat characteristics and disturbance history were surveyed in 32 invaded stands vs. 32 paired uninvaded stands, after a random stratification. Community specialization and functional diversity indices were compared and a RLQ analysis was run to link species traits to environmental variables. The herb layer of invaded stands exhibited significantly more specialist species and a lower trait diversity compared to uninvaded stands, with respect of species richness and vegetation cover. Light arrival to the forest floor and soil properties explained most of the variation in the RLQ analysis, but 20% of the variation strongly correlated with P. serotina dominance and associated disturbances. Traits characterizing shade-tolerant, short-living ruderals and shade-avoiders (vernal geophytes) were significantly associated to invaded stands, while those associated to light-demanding graminoids characterized uninvaded stands. The establishment of functionally close species (seedlings and saplings of native woody species) tended to be lower in invaded stands. We concluded that the invader was becoming the new ecosystem engineer, first by inducing trait convergence and community specialization, thus promoting traits that enable species to capture resources in the new environment it was creating, and second by reducing the grain of local heterogeneities.

Keywords

Exotic plant invasions Life-history traits Functional diversity Disturbance Forest management RLQ analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are indebted to the French ‘Office National des Forêts’ for their facilities during field work. We thank François Rabain for his help in data collection, Mark Bilton for the language revision, and an anonymous referee for his very helpful comments on an earlier version of this paper. This study was financially supported by the French ‘Ministère de l’Écologie et du Développement Durable’ (INVABIO II program, CR n° 09-D/2003).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olivier Chabrerie
    • 1
  • Jérôme Loinard
    • 1
  • Sidonie Perrin
    • 1
  • Robert Saguez
    • 1
  • Guillaume Decocq
    • 1
  1. 1.Dynamiques des Systèmes Anthropisés (JE 2532)Université de Picardie Jules VerneAmiens Cedex 1France

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