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Biological Invasions

, Volume 12, Issue 6, pp 1709–1719 | Cite as

Does the invasive species Reynoutria japonica have an impact on soil and flora in urban wastelands?

  • Noëlie Maurel
  • Sandrine Salmon
  • Jean-François Ponge
  • Nathalie Machon
  • Jacques Moret
  • Audrey Muratet
Original Paper

Abstract

Invasive plants are recognised as a major threat to biodiversity. Although they are well-established in natural areas, the supposed negative impacts of invasive plants upon communities and ecosystems have so far been poorly investigated in urban areas, where invasions are a main issue for ecologists and for urban planners and managers. We propose to assess the effects of an invasive species along an invasion gradient in a typical urban habitat. We focused on the Japanese knotweed (Reynoutria japonica Houtt.), a widespread invasive species in Europe and North America. We considered eight urban wastelands invaded by this species in the heart of the Greater Paris Area, France. On each site, we ran four transects from the centre of the Japanese knotweed patch towards the uninvaded peripheral vegetation. We recorded the flora using the line intercept method, and several soil parameters (thickness of A horizon, abundance of earthworm casts, topsoil Munsell value, pH) every metre along each transect. The A horizon was thicker and the topsoil darker under R. japonica canopy. Thus, this invasive plant species seemed to influence soil organic matter pool. However, our results also steadily showed that R. japonica locally excluded and/or severely reduced the cover of many plant species through competition. Our study clarified the local effects of R. japonica: an influence on the soil organic matter, and a severe negative impact on wasteland plant communities. We suggest implications in both conservation and restoration ecology.

Keywords

Competition Organic matter Japanese knotweed Wasteland plant community Fallopia japonica Polygonum cuspidatum 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to Emmanuelle Porcher for her help with statistical analyses and useful comments on this manuscript. We also thank Monika Zavodna and Claire Jouseau for their constructive comments on the draft. This research was supported by the Région Ile-de-France and the Réseau Francilien de Recherche sur le Développement Soutenable (R2DS). Anne Lindsey corrected the English.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Noëlie Maurel
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sandrine Salmon
    • 3
  • Jean-François Ponge
    • 3
  • Nathalie Machon
    • 1
  • Jacques Moret
    • 2
  • Audrey Muratet
    • 1
  1. 1.UMR 7204 MNHN/CNRS/UPMCParisFrance
  2. 2.Conservatoire Botanique National du Bassin ParisienParisFrance
  3. 3.UMR 7179 MNHN/CNRSBrunoyFrance

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