Biological Invasions

, Volume 12, Issue 6, pp 1533–1542 | Cite as

Trophic interactions and consequent impacts of the invasive fish Pseudorasbora parva in a native aquatic foodweb: a field investigation in the UK

  • J. Robert Britton
  • Gareth D. Davies
  • Chris Harrod
Original Paper

Abstract

Introduction of the invasive Asian cyprinid fish Pseudorasbora parva into a 0.3 ha pond in England with a fish assemblage that included Cyprinus carpio, Rutilus rutilus and Scardinius erythrophthalmus resulted in their establishment of a numerically dominant population in only 2 years; density estimates exceeded 60 ind. m−2 and they comprised >99% of fish present. Stable isotope analysis (SIA) revealed significant trophic overlap between P. parva, R. rutilus and C. carpio, a shift associated with significantly depressed somatic growth in R. rutilus. Despite these changes, fish community composition remained similar between the ponds. Comparison with SIA values collected from an adjacent pond free of P. parva revealed a simplified food web in P. parva presence, but with an apparent trophic position shift for several fishes, including S. erythrophthalmus which appeared to assimilate energy at a higher trophic level, probably through P. parva consumption. The marked isotopic shifts shown in all taxa in the P. parva invaded pond (13C-enriched, 15N depleted) were indicative of a shift to a cyanobacteria-dominated phytoplankton community. These findings provide an increased understanding of the ecological consequences of the ongoing P. parva invasion of European freshwater ecosystems.

Keywords

Topmouth gudgeon Cyprinus carpio Rutilus rutilus Scardinius erythrophthalmus Trophic overlap Stable isotope analysis Angling 

References

  1. Baker HG (1965) Characteristics and modes of origin of weeds. In: Baker HG, Stebbins GL (eds) The genetics of colonizing species. Academic Press, London, pp 147–172Google Scholar
  2. Baker RHA, Black R, Copp GH, Haysom KA, Hulme PE, Thomas MB, Brown A, Brown M, Cannon RJC, Ellis J, Ellis M, Ferris R, Glaves P, Gozlan RE, Holt J, Howe E, Knight JD, MacLeod A, Moore NP, Mumford JD, Murphy ST, Parrott D, Sansford CE, Smith GC, St-Hilaire S, Ward NL (2008) The UK risk assessment scheme for all non-native species. Neobiota 7:46–57Google Scholar
  3. Bampfylde CJ, Lewis MA (2007) Biological control through intraguild predation: case studies in pest control, invasive species and range expansion. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology 69:1031–1066CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Bøhn T, Amundsen P (2001) The competitive edge of an invading specialist. Ecology 82:2150–2163Google Scholar
  5. Bøhn T, Amundsen P, Sparrow A (2008) Competitive exclusion after invasion? Biological Invasions 10:359–368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Britton JR, Brazier M (2006) Eradicating the invasive topmouth gudgeon Pseudorasbora parva from a recreational fishery in Northern England. Fisheries Management and Ecology 13:329–335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Britton JR, Davies GD, Brazier M, Pinder AC (2007) A case study on the population ecology of a topmouth gudgeon Pseudorasbora parva population in the UK and the implications for native fish communities. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 17:749–759CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Britton JR, Davies GD, Brazier M, Chare S (2008) Case studies on eradicating the Asiatic cyprinid Pseudorasbora parva from fishing lakes in England to prevent their riverine dispersal. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 18:867–876CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Brooks JL, Dodson S (1965) Predation, body size, and composition of plankton. Science 150:28–35CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Clarkson RW, Marsh PC, Stefferud SE, Stefferud JA (2005) Conflicts between native fish and non-native sport fish management in the southwestern United States. Fisheries 30:20–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Crawley MJ (1987) What makes a community invasible? In: Crawley MJ, Edwards PJ (eds) Colonization, succession, and stability. Blackwell, Oxford, pp 429–451Google Scholar
  12. Davis MA, Grime JP, Thompson K (2000) Fluctuating resources in plant communities: a general theory of invasibility. Journal of Ecology 88:528–534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dietrich JP, Morrison BJ, Hoyle JA (2006) Alternative ecological pathways in the Eastern Lake Ontario food web-round goby in the diet of lake trout. Journal of Great Lakes Research 32:395–400CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dokulil MT, Teubner K (2000) Cyanobacterial dominance in lakes. Hydrobiologia 438:1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Drake JA, Mooney HA, Di Castri F, Groves RH, Kruger M, Rejmanek H, Williamson M (1989) Biological invasions: a global perspective. John Wiley, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  16. France RL (1995) Differentiation between littoral and pelagic food webs in lakes using stable carbon isotopes. Limnology and Oceanography 40:1310–1313Google Scholar
  17. Francis RICC (1990) Back-calculation of fish length: a critical review. Journal of Fish Biology 36:883–902CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gozlan RE, St-Hilaire S, Feist SW, Martin P, Kent ML (2005) An emergent infectious disease threatens European fish biodiversity. Nature 435:1046CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Grey J, Graham CT, Britton JR, Harrod C (2009) Stable isotope analysis of archived roach (Rutilus rutilus) scales for retrospective study of shallow lake responses to nutrient reduction. Freshwater Biology 54:1663–1670CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Gu B, Alexander V (1993) Estimation of N2 fixation based on differences in the natural abundance of 15N among freshwater N2-fixing and non-N2-fixing algae. Oecologia 96:44–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hliwa P, Martyniak A, Kucharczyk D, Sebestyén A (2002) Food preferences of juvenile stages of Pseudorasbora parva (Schlegel, 1842) in the Kis-Balaton reservoir. Archives of Polish Fisheries 10:121–127Google Scholar
  22. Kiljunen M, Grey J, Sinisalo T, Harrod C, Immonen H, Jones RI (2006) A revised model for lipid-normalizing delta C-13 values from aquatic organisms, with implications for isotope mixing models. Journal of Applied Ecology 43:1213–1222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lampert W (1987) Laboratory studies on zooplankton-cyanobacteria interactions. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 21:483–490Google Scholar
  24. Layman CA, Arrington DA, Montaña CG, Post DM (2007) Can stable isotope ratios provide for community-wide measures of trophic structure. Ecology 88:42–48CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Levine JM, D’Antonio CM (1999) Elton revisited: a review of evidence linking diversity and invasibility. Oikos 87:15–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Lynch M, Shapiro J (1981) Predation, enrichment, and phytoplankton community structure. Limnology and Oceanography 26:86–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Noble RAA, Cowx IG, Goffaux D, Kestemont P (2007) Assessing the health of European rivers using functional ecological guilds of fish communities: standardising species classification and approaches to metric selection. Fisheries Management and Ecology 14:381–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Perdices A, Doadrio I (1992) Presence of the Asiatic Cyprinid Pseudorasbora parva Schlegel 1842 in acque interne Italiane. Rivista di Idrobiologia 29:461–467Google Scholar
  29. Pinder AC, Gozlan RE, Britton JR (2005) Dispersal of the invasive topmouth gudgeon Pseudorasbora parva in the UK: a vector for an emergent infectious disease. Fisheries Management and Ecology 12:411–414CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Pollux BJA, Korosi A (2006) On the occurrence of the Asiatic cyprinid Pseudorasbora parva in The Netherlands. Journal of Fish Biology 69:1575–1580CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Rejmánek M, Richardson DM (1996) What attributes make some plant species more invasive? Ecology 77:1655–1661CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Vander Zanden MJ, Rasmussen JB (2001) Variation in d15N and d13C trophic fractionation: implications for aquatic food web studies. Limnology and Oceanography 46:2061–2066CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Vander Zanden MJ, Casselman JM, Rasmussen JB (1999) Stable isotope evidence for the food web consequences of species invasions in lakes. Nature 401:464–467CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Vitousek PM, D’Antonio CM, Loope LL, Westbrooks R (1996) Biological invasions as global environmental change. American Scientist 84:468–478Google Scholar
  35. Vuorio K, Meili M, Sarvala J (2006) Taxon-specific variation in the stable isotopic signatures (d13C and d15N) of Lake Phytoplankton. Freshwater Biology 51:807–822CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wildekamp RH, Van Neer W, Kucuk F, Unlusayin M (1997) First record of the eastern Asiatic gobionid fish Pseudorasbora parva from the Asiatic part of Turkey. Journal of Fish Biology 51:858–861Google Scholar
  37. Yonekura R, Kohmatsu Y, Yuma M (2007) Difference in the predation impact enhanced by morphological divergence between introduced fish populations. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 91:601–610CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Zimmerman JKH, Vondracek B (2007) Brown trout and food web interactions in a Minnesota stream. Freshwater Biology 52:123–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Robert Britton
    • 1
    • 6
  • Gareth D. Davies
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chris Harrod
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Centre for Conservation Ecology and Environmental Change, School of Conservation SciencesBournemouth UniversityPooleUK
  2. 2.National Fisheries Technical Team, Environment AgencyBrampton, HuntingdonUK
  3. 3.Department of Physiological EcologyMax Planck Institute for LimnologyPlönGermany
  4. 4.Department of Evolutionary GeneticsMax Planck Institute for LimnologyPlönGermany
  5. 5.School of Biological SciencesQueen’s UniversityBelfastUK
  6. 6.Centre for Conservation Ecology, School of Conservation SciencesBournemouth UniversityPooleUK

Personalised recommendations