Biological Invasions

, 12:157 | Cite as

Species diversity and drivers of spread of alien fungi (sensu lato) in Europe with a particular focus on France

  • Marie-Laure Desprez-Loustau
  • Régis Courtecuisse
  • Cécile Robin
  • Claude Husson
  • Pierre-Arthur Moreau
  • Dominique Blancard
  • Marc-André Selosse
  • Brigitte Lung-Escarmant
  • Dominique Piou
  • Ivan Sache
Original Paper

Abstract

A first comprehensive inventory of alien fungi and fungal-like organisms (in Stramenopila) recorded in France since 1800 was established, comprising 227 species, with 64.7% plant pathogens, 29.5% saprotrophic species, 3.5% ectomycorrhizal fungi, 1.3% animal parasites and 0.9% mycopathogenic fungi. Using this and a previously built European dataset, correlates of invasion success in fungi (sensu lato) were investigated, especially for pathogenic species occurring in wild environments (mostly forest tree pathogens). Several common features were demonstrated at the two spatial scales. Some taxonomic/phylogenetic orders were shown to be over-represented in alien fungi and Stramenopila pseudo-fungi, e.g. Peronosporales and to have faster spread, e.g. Erysiphales. Residence time and economic variables, especially imports, were important explaining variables of the levels of invasion. The influence of climatic factors was also suggested.

Keywords

Biological invasions Fungi Oomycota Plant pathogen Forest tree pathogen Invasion success Invasiveness 

Supplementary material

10530_2009_9439_MOESM1_ESM.xls (180 kb)
(XLS 179 kb)
10530_2009_9439_MOESM2_ESM.xls (170 kb)
(XLS 170 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marie-Laure Desprez-Loustau
    • 1
  • Régis Courtecuisse
    • 2
  • Cécile Robin
    • 1
  • Claude Husson
    • 3
  • Pierre-Arthur Moreau
    • 2
  • Dominique Blancard
    • 4
  • Marc-André Selosse
    • 5
  • Brigitte Lung-Escarmant
    • 1
  • Dominique Piou
    • 6
  • Ivan Sache
    • 7
  1. 1.UMR1202 BIOGECO, Pathologie forestièreINRAVillenave d’Ornon CedexFrance
  2. 2.Faculté des sciences pharmaceutiques et biologiques, Département de BotaniqueLille CedexFrance
  3. 3.UMR1136 IAM, Équipe de Pathologie forestièreINRAChampenouxFrance
  4. 4.UMR1065 Santé VégétaleINRAVillenave d’Ornon CedexFrance
  5. 5.Centre d’Écologie Fonctionnelle et Évolutive, CNRS-UMR 5175, Équipe Interactions BiotiquesMontpellier cedex 5France
  6. 6.Département Santé des Forêts, Domaine de l’HermitagePierroton, CestasFrance
  7. 7.UMR1290 Bioger-CPP, ÉpidémiologieINRAThiverval-GrignonFrance

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