Advertisement

Biological Invasions

, Volume 10, Issue 7, pp 955–967 | Cite as

Invasion dynamics of the glassy-winged sharpshooter Homalodisca vitripennis (Germar) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) in French Polynesia

  • Jérôme N. Petit
  • Mark S. Hoddle
  • Julie Grandgirard
  • George K. Roderick
  • Neil Davies
Original Paper

Abstract

The glassy-winged sharpshooter, Homalodisca vitripennis (Germar) [formerly Homalodisca coagulata (Say)] (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae), has recently emerged as a serious invasive pest. From its natural range in the southeast USA and northeast Mexico, it invaded successively California (late 1980s), French Polynesia (1999), Hawaii (2004), and recently Easter Island (2005) inadvertently through the transportation of infested plants. In French Polynesia, H. vitripennis has reached impressive densities becoming an important pest threatening agriculture, native biodiversity, as well as being a major social nuisance. Since 1999, H. vitripennis spread rapidly from Tahiti to neighboring islands, colonizing most of the archipelagos of French Polynesia. In this paper, we present the results of surveys of H. vitripennis populations from 15 islands of French Polynesia and use these data to investigate the invasion dynamics and colonization processes of this pest in a tropical climate. We found H. vitripennis present in 10 islands with two new records confirmed. Our analyses suggest that: (1) H. vitripennis abundance is strongly associated with urbanization, with highest pest densities found in the most developed coastal areas of infested islands, (2) H. vitripennis may exhibit an Allee effect during the early phase of an invasion, and (3) the invasion dynamics of H. vitripennis conform to a stratified dispersal model marked by rapid long-distance human-mediated movement.

Keywords

Allee effect Stratified diffusion Urbanization Expansion range 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Financial support for research on Homalodisca vitripennis has been provided by the French Polynesia Government (Convention no. 4.0328). Additional support has come from the University of California Berkeley and Riverside, the University of California Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, the California Department of Food and Agriculture, and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community. This paper is contribution number 158 of the Richard B. Gump South Pacific Research Station.

References

  1. Allee WC (1931) Animal aggregations, a study in General Sociology. The University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  2. Allee WC (1938) The social life of animals. WW Norton & Company, New York, 293 pGoogle Scholar
  3. Andow D, Kareiva P, Levin SA, Okubo A (1990) Spread of invading organisms. Landscape Ecol 4:177–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Arim M, Abades R, Neil PE, Lima M, Marquet PA (2006) Spread dynamics of invasive species. PNAS 103(2):374–378PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Berec L, Boukal DS, Berec M (2001) Linking the Allee effect, sexual reproduction, and temperature-dependent sex determination via spatial dynamics. Am Nat 157:217–230PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brown JH, Mehlman DW, Stevens GC (1995) Spatial variation in abundance. Ecology 76:2028–2043CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Courchamp F, Clutton-Brock T, Grenfell B (1999) Inverse density dependence and the Allee effect. Trends Ecol Evol 14:405–410PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Daane KM, Johnson MW, Ruiz T, Hashim J (2004) Research shows GWSS have their urban preferences. In: GWSS Update, Tulare, March 5 2004Google Scholar
  9. Ehler LE (1998) Invasion biology and biological control. Biol Control 13:127–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Elton CS (1958) The ecology of invasions by animals and plants. The University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  11. Fagan WF, Lewis MA, Neubert MG, van den Driesche P (2002) Invasion theory and biological control. Ecol Lett 5:148–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gascoigne J, Lipcius RN (2004) Allee effect driven by predation. J Appl Ecol 41:801–810CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gilbert M, Fielding N, Evans HF, Grégoire JC (2003) Spatial patterns of invading Dendroctonus micans (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) population in the United Kingdom. Can J For Res 33:712–725CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gilbert M, Grégoire JC, Freise JF, Heitland W (2004) Long-distance dispersal and human population density allow the prediction of invasive patterns in the horse chestnut leafminer Cameria ohridella. J Anim Ecol 73:459–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gillespie RG, Roderick GK (2002) Arthropods on islands: colonization, speciation, and conservation. Ann Rev Entomol 47:595–632CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Grandgirard J, Hoddle MS, Roderick GK, Petit JN, Percy D, Putoa R, Garnier C, Davies N (2006) Invasion of French Polynesia by the glassy-winged sharpshooter Homalodisca vitripennis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae): a new threat to the South Pacific. Pac Sci 60:429–438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Grandgirard J, Hoddle MS, Petit JN, Percy D, Roderick GK, Davies N (2007) Pre-introductory risk assessment studies for Gonatocerus ashmeadi (Girault) (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) as a classical biological control agent for Homalodisca vitripennis (Say) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) in French Polynesia. Biocontrol Sci Technol (in press)Google Scholar
  18. Hengeveld B (1989) Dynamic of biological invasions. Chapman and Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  19. Hoddle MS (2004) The potential adventive geographical range of glassy-winged sharpshooter, Homalodisca vitripennis and the grape pathogen Xylella fastidiosa: implications for California and other grape growing regions of the world. Crop Prot 23:691–699CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hoddle MS, Triapitsyn SV, Morgan DJW (2003) Distribution and Plant Association Records for Homalodisca vitripennis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) in Florida. Fla Entomol 86:89–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hoover W (2004) New invader may threaten crop. In: The Honolulu Advertiser, May 14 2004, HonoluluGoogle Scholar
  22. Keitt TH, Lewis MA, Holt RD (2001) Allee effects, invasion pinning and species borders. Am Nat 157(2):203–216PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kot M, Lewis MA, van den Driessche P (1996) Dispersal data and the spread of invading organisms. Ecology 77:2027–2042CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Leung B, Drake JM, Lodge DM (2004) Prediction invasions: propagule pressure and the gravity of Allee effects. Ecology 85:1651–1660CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Liebhold A, Bascompte J (2003) The Allee effect, stochastic dynamics and the eradication of alien species. Ecol Lett 6:133–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Mack RN (1981) Invasion of Bromus tectorum into western North America: an ecological chronicle. Agro-Ecosystems 7:145–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Sakai AK, Allendorf FW, Holt JS, Lodge DM, Molofsky J, With KA, Baughman S, Cabin RJ, Cohen JE, Ellstrand NC, McCauley DE, O’Neil P, Parker IM, Thompson JN, Weller SG (2001) The population biology of invasive species. Ann Rev Ecol Syst 32:305–332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Secretariat of the Pacific Community (2002) Incursion of glassy-winged sharpshooter Homalodisca vitripennis in French Polynesia. Pest Alert, Plant Protection Service. Retrieved from http://www.spc.org.nc/pps/PestAlerts/PestAlertNo4.pdf on June 2005
  29. Sharov AA, Liebhold AM (1998) Model of slowing the spread of gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) with a barrier zone. Ecol Appl 8:1170–1179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Shigesada N, Kawasaki K, Takeda Y (1995) Modelling stratified diffusion in biological invasion. Am Nat 146(2):229–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sorensen JT, Gill RG (1996) A range extension of Homalodisca vitripennis (Say) (Hemiptera: Clypeorrhyncha: Cicadellidae) to southern California. Pan-Pac Entomol 72:160–161Google Scholar
  32. Stephens PA, Sutherland WJ, Freckleton RP (1999) What is the Allee effect? Oikos 87:185–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Suarez AV, Holway DA, Case TJ (2001) Predicting patterns of spread in biological invasions dominated by long-distance jump dispersal: Insights from Argentine ants. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 98:1095–1100PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Takiya D, McKamey S, Cavichioli RR (2006) Validity of Homalodisca and H. vitripennis as the name for glassy-winged sharpshooter (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Cicadellinae). Ann Entomol Soc Am 99(4):648–655CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Taylor CM, Hastings A (2005) Allee effects in biological invasions. Ecol Lett 8:895–908CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Triapitsyn SV, Phillips PA (2000) First record of Gonatocerus triguttatus (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) from eggs of Homalodisca vitripennis (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) with notes on the distribution of the host. Fla Entomol 83:200–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wilson WG, Nisbet RM, Ross AH, Robles C, Desharnais R (1996) Abrupt population changes along slowly varying gradients. Bull Math Biol 58:907–922CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jérôme N. Petit
    • 1
  • Mark S. Hoddle
    • 2
  • Julie Grandgirard
    • 1
  • George K. Roderick
    • 3
  • Neil Davies
    • 1
  1. 1.Richard B. Gump South Pacific Research StationUniversity of California BerkeleyMooreaFrench Polynesia
  2. 2.Department of EntomologyUniversity of CaliforniaRiversideUSA
  3. 3.Environmental Science, Policy and Management, Division of Insect BiologyUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

Personalised recommendations