Biological Invasions

, Volume 9, Issue 7, pp 767–772 | Cite as

Pattern of distribution of the American bullfrog Rana catesbeiana in Europe

  • Gentile Francesco FicetolaEmail author
  • Christophe Coïc
  • Mathieu Detaint
  • Matthieu Berroneau
  • Olivier Lorvelec
  • Claude Miaud
Review Paper


Despite early reports of its presence, no recent data exist on the distribution of the American bullfrog in Europe, the causes of introduction, or the trends of populations. We monitored the European situation at two spatial scales. In SW France, we performed call surveys over 2,500 wetlands. We found bullfrogs over about 2,000 km2, apparently the European area in which the strongest expansion of bullfrogs is taking place. In addition, we used questionnaires to investigate the situation at the continental scale. At least 25 independent introductions occurred in Europe; eradication attempts were successful three times, and bullfrog populations are present in five countries. Education programs and monitoring are necessary to reduce the rate of introduction and to start management action as soon as possible.


France Invasion success Rana catesbeiana Invasion causes Monitoring Distribution Invasive species Community richness 



We thank all the people who helped during field sampling, and all the herpetologists who provided information about the situation in Europe. P. Veenvliet provided valuable unpublished information; the comments of B.R. Anholt and A. Bonin improved an earlier version of the manuscript. Monitoring of the French populations is funded by La Fédération des AAPPMA de la Gironde, de la Dordogne, du Lot et Garonne, Le Conseil Général de la Gironde, du Lot et Garonne et de la Dordogne, l’Agence de l’Eau Adour-Garonne, la Région Aquitaine and the European Council.

Supplementary material

10530_2006_9080_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (60 kb)
ESM1 (PDF 61 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gentile Francesco Ficetola
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christophe Coïc
    • 2
  • Mathieu Detaint
    • 2
  • Matthieu Berroneau
    • 2
  • Olivier Lorvelec
    • 3
  • Claude Miaud
    • 1
  1. 1.UMR CNRS 5553 LECA-GPB, Laboratoire d’Ecologie Alpine, équipe Génomique des Populations et BiodiversitéUniversité de SavoieLe Bourget du Lac cedexFrance
  2. 2.Association Cistude Nature, Chemin du MoulinatLe HaillanFrance
  3. 3.Equipe Gestion des Populations InvasivesINRA-Unité SCRIBERennes CedexFrance

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