Biotechnology Letters

, Volume 42, Issue 3, pp 357–373 | Cite as

Nanozymes for medical biotechnology and its potential applications in biosensing and nanotherapeutics

  • Samman Munir
  • Asad Ali Shah
  • Hazir Rahman
  • Muhammad Bilal
  • Muhammad Shahid Riaz Rajoka
  • Abdul Arif Khan
  • Mohsin KhurshidEmail author


Recent past years have witnessed the development of several artificial enzymes, using different materials to mimic natural enzymes with respect to their structure and functions. The nanozymes are nanomaterials possessing similar characteristics to the natural enzymes and have emerged recently as an innovative class of artificial enzymes. The nanozymes have got remarkable attention from the researchers and notable developments have been achieved owing to their unique properties compared with natural enzymes and classic artificial enzymes. In this regard, several nanomaterials have been scrutinized so far to mimic different natural enzymes for wider applications ranging from imaging, sensing, water treatment, pollutant removal, and therapeutics. The applications of nanozymes in biomedicine research are fast-growing and various nanozymes have been implicated in diagnostic medicine, targeted cancer therapy. Such abilities make them an appropriate alternative for the development of affordable, sustainable and safe diagnostic as well as therapeutic agents.


Aptasensors Biomedicine Biosensors Enzymes immunoassays 



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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Bioinformatics & BiotechnologyGovernment College University FaisalabadFaisalabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of MicrobiologyAbdul Wali Khan University MardanMardanPakistan
  3. 3.School of Life Science and Food EngineeringHuaiyin Institute of TechnologyHuai’anChina
  4. 4.College of Chemistry and Environmental EngineeringShenzhen UniversityShenzhenChina
  5. 5.Department of Pharmaceutics, College of PharmacyKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  6. 6.Department of MicrobiologyGovernment College University FaisalabadFaisalabadPakistan

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