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Biotechnology Letters

, Volume 34, Issue 4, pp 655–661 | Cite as

Extracellular protease in Actinomycetes culture supernatants inhibits and detaches Staphylococcus aureus biofilm formation

  • Joo-Hyeon Park
  • Jin-Hyung Lee
  • Chang-Jin Kim
  • Jae-Chan Lee
  • Moo Hwan Cho
  • Jintae LeeEmail author
Original Research Paper

Abstract

Bacterial biofilms are associated with chronic infections due to their resistance to antimicrobial agents. Staphylococcus aureus is a versatile human pathogen and can form biofilms on human tissues and diverse medical devices. To identify novel biofilm inhibitors of S. aureus, the supernatants from a library of 458 Actinomycetes strains were screened. The culture supernatants (1% v/v) of more than 10 Actinomycetes strains inhibited S. aureus biofilm formation by more than 80% without affecting the growth. The culture supernatants of these biofilm-reducing Actinomycetes strains contained a protease (equivalent to 0.1 μg proteinase K ml−1), which both inhibited S. aureus biofilm formation and detached pre-existing S. aureus biofilms. This study suggests that protease treatment could be a feasible tool to reduce and eradicate S. aureus biofilms.

Keywords

Actinomycetes Biofilm Protease Staphylococcus aureus 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by the Yeungnam University research grant. J.-H. Park was supported by the Human Resources Development Program of Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) grant (No:20104010100580) funded by the Korean Ministry of Knowledge Economy.

Supplementary material

10529_2011_825_MOESM1_ESM.docx (952 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 953 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joo-Hyeon Park
    • 1
  • Jin-Hyung Lee
    • 1
  • Chang-Jin Kim
    • 2
  • Jae-Chan Lee
    • 2
  • Moo Hwan Cho
    • 1
  • Jintae Lee
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Chemical EngineeringYeungnam UniversityGyeongsanRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Biological Resource CenterKorea Research Institute of Bioscience and BiotechnologyDaejeonRepublic of Korea

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