Biotechnology Letters

, Volume 33, Issue 2, pp 293–300 | Cite as

H2 synthesis from pentoses and biomass in Thermotoga spp.

  • Niels T. Eriksen
  • Martin Leegaard Riis
  • Nikolaj Kyndby Holm
  • Niels Iversen
Original Research Paper


We have investigated H2 production on glucose, xylose, arabinose, and glycerol in Thermotoga maritima and T. neapolitana. Both species metabolised all sugars with hydrogen yields of 2.7–3.8 mol mol−1 sugar. Both pentoses were at least comparable to glucose with respect to their qualities as substrates for hydrogen production, while glycerol was not metabolised by either species. Glycerol was also not metabolised by T. elfii. We also demonstrated that T. neapolitana can use wet oxidised wheat straws, in which most sugars are stored in glycoside polymers, for growth and efficient hydrogen production, while glucose, xylose and arabinose are consumed in parallel.


Arabinose Biohydrogen Thermotoga maritima Thermotoga neapolitana Xylose 



We thank Anne Belinda Thomsen, Risø DTU for supplying wet oxidised wheat straw.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Niels T. Eriksen
    • 1
  • Martin Leegaard Riis
    • 1
  • Nikolaj Kyndby Holm
    • 1
  • Niels Iversen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Environmental EngineeringAalborg UniversityAalborgDenmark

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