Feasibility of ethanol production from coffee husks
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The objective of this work was to evaluate the feasibility of ethanol production by fermentation of coffee husks by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Batch fermentation studies were performed employing whole and ground coffee husks, and aqueous extract from ground coffee husks. It was observed that fermentation yield decreased with an increase in yeast concentration. The best results were obtained for the following conditions: whole coffee husks, 3 g yeast/l substrate, temperature of 30°C. Under these conditions ethanol production was 8.49 ± 0.29 g/100 g dry basis (13.6 ± 0.5 g ethanol/l), a satisfactory value in comparison to literature data for other residues such as corn stalks, barley straw and hydrolyzed wheat stillage (5–11 g ethanol/l). Such results indicate that coffee husks present excellent potential for residue-based ethanol production.
KeywordsBioethanol Fermentation Sticky coffee husks
The authors acknowledge financial support from the following Brazilian Government Agencies: CAPES, CNPq and FAPEMIG.
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