Biotechnology Letters

, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 131–137 | Cite as

Protein engineering towards biotechnological production of bifunctional polyester beads

  • Jane A. Atwood
  • Bernd H. A. RehmEmail author
Original Research Paper


Microbial polyester inclusions have previously been demonstrated to be applicable as versatile beads outside the bacterial cell. Engineering of proteins selectively binding to the polyester inclusions was conceived to produce polyester beads simultaneously displaying two protein-based functions suitable for applications in, for example, fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS). The polyester synthase and the phasin protein were fused to the green fluorescent protein (GFP) and the murine myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG), respectively, or GFP and MOG were fused to the N- and C-terminus, respectively, of only the phasin. In both cases, fusion proteins were found to be attached to isolated polyester inclusions while displaying both functionalities per bead. Functionalities at the bead surface were assessed by ELISA, FACS and fluorescence microscopy. The respective double fusion protein was identified by peptide fingerprinting using MALDI-TOF/MS.


Bio-beads Biopolyester Nanoparticle Polyhydroxyalkanoate 



This study was supported by a research grant from Massey University and PolyBatics Ltd. The authors are grateful for skillful operation of the FACS equipment by Natalie Parlane. The authors would like to thank Claude C.A. Bernard (Monash University, Australia) for provision of the monoclonal mouse anti-MOG antibody.

Supplementary material

10529_2008_9836_MOESM1_ESM.doc (944 kb)
(DOC 944 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Molecular BiosciencesMassey UniversityPalmerston NorthNew Zealand

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