Expression of a ribosome-inactivating protein gene in bitter melon is induced by Sphaerotheca fuliginea and abiotic stimuli
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The gene encoding a single-chain, ribosome-inactivating protein (SCRIP) was cloned from bitter melon (Momordica charantia L.) leaves infected with the fungus, Sphaerotheca fuliginea, by RT-PCR. The ORF was 861 bp. The ribosome-inactivating protein was expressed in E. coli and, when purified, it inhibited the growth of the Sphaerotheca fuliginea in vitro. Northern blot analysis revealed that RIP transcripts rapidly accumulated in leaves 1-day post inoculation with Sphaerotheca fuliginea and reached a peak at 3 d. The expression pattern of RIP induced by methyl jasmonate and salicylic acid were different from that of pathogen-induced expression. Mechanical wounding, silver nitrate and osmotic stress stimulated only a slight accumulation of RIP transcripts. Abscisic acid also induced transcription of RIPs. The signal compounds, ethylene and okadaic acid, induced a moderate accumulation of RIP transcripts.
KeywordsBitter melon Fungal infection Momordica charantia Ribosome-inactivating protein Sphaerotheca
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