Scalable transient gene expression in Chinese hamster ovary cells in instrumented and non-instrumented cultivation systems
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- Muller, N., Derouazi, M., Van Tilborgh, F. et al. Biotechnol Lett (2007) 29: 703. doi:10.1007/s10529-006-9298-x
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Cell expansion, gene transfer and protein production were all executed with a single serum-free, animal protein-free commercial medium designed for suspension-adapted Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO DG44). This is a most important process to consider for clinical production of recombinant proteins. The transfection with polyethylenimine (PEI) was shown here to be scalable using both stirred-tank bioreactors of 3- and 150-l and novel agitated cultivation vessels (50 ml ventilated centrifuge tubes and 1-l square-shaped glass bottles) that lack any instrumentation. The transient transfections spanned a range of working volumes from 2 ml to 80 l. The maximum transient recombinant antibody yield was 22 mg/l, the highest ever reported for a multiliter transfection in CHO. The transiently expressed protein had the same extent of glycosylation as the same antibody produced from a stably transfected recombinant CHO cell line.