dl-Alanine was produced from glucose in an Escherichia coli pfl pps poxB ldhA aceEF pTrc99A-alaD strain which lacked pyruvate-formate lyase, phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) synthase, pyruvate oxidase, lactate dehydogenase, components of the pyruvate dehydogenase complex and over-produced alanine dehydrogenase (ALD). A two-phase process was developed with cell growth under aerobic conditions followed by alanine production under anaerobic conditions. Using the batch mode, cells grew to 5.3 g/l in 9 h with the accumulation of 6–10 g acetate/l, and under subsequent anaerobic conditions achieved 34 g alanine/l in 13 h with a yield of 0.86 g/g glucose. Using the fed-batch mode at μ = 0.15 h−1, only about 1 g acetate/l formed in the 25 h required for the cells to reach 5.6 g/l, and 88 g alanine/l accumulated during the subsequent 23 h. This fed-batch process attained an alanine volumetric productivity of 4 g/lh during the production phase, and a yield that was essentially 1 g/g.
Acetate Alanine Alanine dehydrogenase Fed-batch process Overflow metabolism