Biotechnology Letters

, Volume 28, Issue 19, pp 1601–1613 | Cite as

Comparison of relative mRNA quantification models and the impact of RNA integrity in quantitative real-time RT-PCR

  • Simone Fleige
  • Vanessa Walf
  • Silvia Huch
  • Christian Prgomet
  • Julia Sehm
  • Michael W. PfafflEmail author
Original Paper


Relative quantification in quantitative real-time RT-PCR is increasingly used to quantify gene expression changes. In general, two different relative mRNA quantification models exist: the delta-delta Ct and the efficiency-corrected Ct model. Both models have their advantages and disadvantages in terms of simplification on the one hand and efficiency correction on the other. The particular problem of RNA integrity and its effect on relative quantification in qRT-PCR performance was tested in different bovine tissues and cell lines (n = 11). Therefore different artificial and standardized RNA degradation levels were used. Currently fully automated capillary electrophoresis systems have become the new standard in RNA quality assessment. RNA quality was rated according the RNA integrity number (RIN). Furthermore, the effect of different length of amplified products and RNA integrity on expression analyses was investigated. We found significant impact of RNA integrity on relative expression results, mainly on cycle threshold (Ct) values and a minor effect on PCR efficiency. To minimize the interference of RNA integrity on relative quantification models, we can recommend to normalize gene expression by an internal reference gene and to perform an efficiency correction. Results demonstrate that innovative new quantification methods and normalization models can improve future mRNA quantification.


Gene expression study Ct mRNA qRT-PCR real-time RT-PCR RNA integrity RNA integrity number (RIN) 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simone Fleige
    • 1
  • Vanessa Walf
    • 1
  • Silvia Huch
    • 1
  • Christian Prgomet
    • 1
  • Julia Sehm
    • 1
  • Michael W. Pfaffl
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Physiology Weihenstephan, Center of Life and Food Sciences (ZIEL)Technical University Munich; & TATAA Biocenter GermanyFreising-WeihenstephanGermany

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