Protection of osteoblastic cells from freeze/thaw cycle-induced oxidative stress by green tea polyphenol
Green tea polyphenol (GTP) together with dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO) were added to a freezing solution of osteoblastic cells (rat calvarial osteoblasts and human osteosarcoma cells) exposed to repeated freeze/thaw cycles (FTC) to induce oxidative stress. When cells were subjected to 3 FTCs, freezing medium containing 10% (v/v) DMSO and 500 μg GTP ml−1 significantly (p < 0.05) suppressed cell detachment and growth inhibition by over 63% and protected cell morphology. Furthermore, the alkaline phosphatase activity of osteoblastic cells was appreciably maintained after 2 and 3 FTCs in this mixture. Polyphenols may thus be of use as a cell cryopreservant and be advantageous in such fields as cell transplantation and tissue engineering.
Keywordsgreen tea polyphenol multiple freeze/thaw cycles osteoblastic cells oxidative stress
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