Rational strategy for the production of new crude lipases from Candida rugosa
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Candida rugosa was cultured using different inducers (oleic acid, olive oil, sunflower oil, n-dodecanol and glycerol) as the only carbon source in batch conditions, as well as in several fed-batch fermentations (oleic acid as inducer) at variable feed rate conditions. The N-terminal analysis of each crude lipase revealed that, while the isoenzymes Lip2 and Lip3 are always secreted (at different proportions depending on the inducer), Lip1 was produced only using n-dodecanol (batch conditions) or oleic acid (fed-batch at high feed rate). The nature of the inducer controls the isoenzyme percentage; when this is fixed, as well as the feed rate in fed-batch fermentation, the isoenzymatic profile remained unaltered and the samples differed only in the activity of the lipases, as determined by heptyl oleate synthesis.
Keywordsbiotransformations Candida rugosa lipases isoenzymes
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