Haplogroup Structure and Genetic Variation Analyses of 60 Mitochondrial DNA Markers in Southern Shaanxi Han Population
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Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has been widely employed as one tool for the studies of human migration and phylogenetic evolution owing to the characteristics of its lack of recombination and matrilineal inheritance. In this study, we analyze genetic distributions of 60 mtDNA markers in 126 unrelated individuals of Southern Shaanxi Han population and classify their haplogroups. Genetic distribution comparisons between Southern Shaanxi Han and other populations from different continents are conducted based on the same mtDNA markers. The majority of 60 mtDNA markers are polymorphic in Southern Shaanxi Han population. The most common haplogroups observed in Southern Shaanxi Han population are B5, followed by D5, A, D4e, and N9a1′3. Obtained matching probability for these 60 mtDNA markers indicates that the panel could be used as a valuable tool in forensic caseworks. Results of genetic distances (Fst) and multidimensional scaling analysis show that Southern Shaanxi Han population has relatively close genetic relationships with other Han populations in different regions. In conclusion, the panel comprising 60 mtDNA markers could be utilized for forensic applications in Southern Shaanxi Han population.
KeywordsSouthern Shaanxi Han mtDNA Haplogroup SNPs Forensic application
The present work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81525015) and Guangdong Province Universities and Colleges Pearl River Scholar Funded Scheme (GDUPS, 2017).
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
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