Morphometrics and Mitochondrial DNA Genes Analysis Suggest a New Species of Penaeus (Crustacea: Penaeidae) from the Persian Gulf

  • Saeid Tamadoni JahromiEmail author
  • Ahmad Sofiman Othman
  • Rusly Rosazlina
Original Article


There are two morphotypes of Penaeus semisulcatus described hitherto in the Persian Gulf, namely the banded and non-banded antennae morphotypes. In this study, we used morphometric measurements and two mitochondrial genes (16S rRNA and cytochrome oxidase subunit I—COI) to assess relationships between the two morphotypes of P. semisulcatus. Out of 25 morphological characters examined, 10 characters were found significantly different between the two morphotypes when tested against separate sexes or both sexes combined. Results from the 16S rRNA and COI sequence analysis of two morphotypes of P. semisulcatus morphotype showed up to 6% and 17% sequence divergence, respectively. The 16S rDNA and COI sequences of the non-banding morphotype were not only very different to those of the banding morphotype but was also very different to all other Penaeus species (i.e., P. monodon, P. merguiensis, and P. indicus) included in the study. Both parsimony and Neighbor-Joining trees based on 16S rDNA and COI sequences provide similar tree topology that clearly separated the two morphotypes into two distinct groups. Based on these findings, we propose the two morphotypes of P. semisulcatus to be relegated as two sympatric species.


Penaeus semisulcatus mtDNA Morphometric Persian Gulf 16S rRNA COI 



The authors wish to thank the Iranian Fisheries Sciences Research Institute, for helpful assistance. We thank the head of Persian Gulf and Oman Sea Ecological Research Institute, This research was funded by Postgraduate Research Grant Scheme from Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors do not have any conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saeid Tamadoni Jahromi
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ahmad Sofiman Othman
    • 2
    • 3
  • Rusly Rosazlina
    • 2
  1. 1.Persian Gulf and Oman Sea Ecology Research Center, Iranian Fisheries Sciences Research InstituteAgricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO)Bandar AbbasIran
  2. 2.School of Biological SciencesUniversiti Sains MalaysiaMindenMalaysia
  3. 3.Centre for Marine and Coastal StudiesUniversiti Sains MalaysiaMindenMalaysia

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