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Biochemical Genetics

, Volume 56, Issue 3, pp 188–209 | Cite as

Relationship of Parental Genetic Distance with Heterosis and Specific Combining Ability in Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Based on Phenotypic and Molecular Marker Analysis

  • Sarita K. Pandey
  • Tapash Dasgupta
  • Abhishek Rathore
  • Anilkumar Vemula
Original Article

Abstract

The genetic distance analysis for selection of suitable parents has been established and effectively used in many crops; however, there is dearth of conclusive report of relationship of genetic distance analysis with heterosis in sesame. In the present study, an attempt was made to estimate the associations of genetic distances using SSR (GDSSR), seed-storage protein profiling (GDSDS) and agro-morphological traits (GDMOR) with hybrid performance. Seven parents were selected from 60 exotic and Indian genotypes based on genetic distance from clustering pattern based on SSR, seed-storage protein, morphological traits and per se performance. For combining ability analysis, 7 parents and 21 crosses generated from 7 × 7 half diallel evaluated at two environments in a replicated field trial during pre-kharif season of 2013. Compared with the average parents yield (12.57 g plant−1), eight hybrids had a significant (P < 0.01) yield advantage across environments, with averages of 26.94 and 29.99% for better-parent heterosis (BPH) and mid-parent heterosis (MPH), respectively, across environments. Highly significant positive correlation was observed between specific combining ability (SCA) and per se performance (0.97), while positive non-significant correlation of BPH with GDSSR (0.048), and non-significant negative correlations with GDMOR (− 0.01) and GDSDS (− 0.256) were observed. The linear regressions of SCA on MPH, BPH and per se performance of F1s were significant with R2 value of 0.88, 0.84 and 0.95 respectively. The present findings revealed a weak association of GDSSR with F1’s performance; however, SCA has appeared as an important factor in the determination of heterosis and per se performance of the hybrids. The present findings also indicated that parental divergence in the intermediate group would likely produce high heterotic crosses in sesame.

Keywords

GCA Heterosis Genetic distances SCA Sesame SSR 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10528_2017_9837_MOESM1_ESM.docx (39 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 39 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarita K. Pandey
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tapash Dasgupta
    • 2
  • Abhishek Rathore
    • 1
  • Anilkumar Vemula
    • 1
  1. 1.International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid TropicsPatancheruIndia
  2. 2.Department of Genetics and Plant BreedingInstitute of Agricultural Science, Calcutta UniversityKolkataIndia

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