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Biochemical Genetics

, Volume 55, Issue 3, pp 193–203 | Cite as

Early Prediction of Sepsis Incidence in Critically Ill Patients Using Specific Genetic Polymorphisms

  • Vlad Laurentiu David
  • Muhammed Furkan Ercisli
  • Alexandru Florin Rogobete
  • Eugen S. Boia
  • Razvan Horhat
  • Razvan Nitu
  • Mircea M. Diaconu
  • Laurentiu Pirtea
  • Ioana Ciuca
  • Delia Horhat
  • Florin George Horhat
  • Monica Licker
  • Sonia Elena Popovici
  • Sonia Tanasescu
  • Calin Tataru
Review

Abstract

Several diagnostic methods for the evaluation and monitoring were used to find out the pro-inflammatory status, as well as incidence of sepsis in critically ill patients. One such recent method is based on investigating the genetic polymorphisms and determining the molecular and genetic links between them, as well as other sepsis-associated pathophysiologies. Identification of genetic polymorphisms in critical patients with sepsis can become a revolutionary method for evaluating and monitoring these patients. Similarly, the complications, as well as the high costs associated with the management of patients with sepsis, can be significantly reduced by early initiation of intensive care.

Keywords

miRNAs Biomarkers Genetic polymorphisms Sepsis Critically ill patients 

Abbreviations

ICU

Intensive care unit

HLA

Human leukocyte Antigen

NF-kB

Nuclear transcription factor kappa B

TNF-α

Tumor necrosis factor alpha

IL-6

Interleukin 6

IL-1β

Interleukin 1 beta

IL-1

Interleukin 1

IFN-γ

Interferon gamma

MODS

Multile organ dysfunctions syndrome

TLR

Tol-like receptors

SIRS

Systeic inflammatory response syndrome

MODS

Muliple organ dysfunction syndrome

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vlad Laurentiu David
    • 1
  • Muhammed Furkan Ercisli
    • 2
  • Alexandru Florin Rogobete
    • 1
    • 3
  • Eugen S. Boia
    • 1
  • Razvan Horhat
    • 1
  • Razvan Nitu
    • 1
  • Mircea M. Diaconu
    • 1
  • Laurentiu Pirtea
    • 1
  • Ioana Ciuca
    • 1
  • Delia Horhat
    • 1
  • Florin George Horhat
    • 1
  • Monica Licker
    • 1
  • Sonia Elena Popovici
    • 2
  • Sonia Tanasescu
    • 1
  • Calin Tataru
    • 4
  1. 1.Faculty of Medicine“Victor Babes” University of Medicine and PharmacyTimisoaraRomania
  2. 2.Faculty of MedicineAtaturk UniversityErzurumTurkey
  3. 3.Clinic of Anesthesia and Intensive CareEmergency County Hospital “Pius Brinzeu”TimisoaraRomania
  4. 4.Faculty of Medicine“Carol Davila” University of Medicine and PharmacyBucharestRomania

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