Biochemical Genetics

, Volume 51, Issue 7–8, pp 588–602 | Cite as

The Role of Mitochondrial DNA Mutations in Hearing Loss

Article

Abstract

Mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) are one of the most important causes of hearing loss. Of these, the homoplasmic A1555G and C1494T mutations at the highly conserved decoding site of the 12S rRNA gene are well documented as being associated with either aminoglycoside-induced or nonsyndromic hearing loss in many families worldwide. Moreover, five mutations associated with nonsyndromic hearing loss have been identified in the tRNASer(UCN) gene: A7445G, 7472insC, T7505C, T7510C, and T7511C. Other mtDNA mutations associated with deafness are mainly located in tRNA and protein-coding genes. Failures in mitochondrial tRNA metabolism or protein synthesis were observed from cybrid cells harboring these primary mutations, thereby causing the mitochondrial dysfunctions responsible for deafness. This review article provides a detailed summary of mtDNA mutations that have been reported in deafness and further discusses the molecular mechanisms of these mtDNA mutations in deafness expression.

Keywords

Mitochondria Mutation Deafness tRNA metabolism Mitochondrial dysfunction 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu Ding
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jianhang Leng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Fan Fan
    • 3
  • Bohou Xia
    • 4
  • Pan Xu
    • 5
  1. 1.Central Laboratory, Hangzhou First People’s Hospital, Nanjing Medical UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Affiliated Hangzhou Hospital, Nanjing Medical UniversityHangzhouChina
  3. 3.Department of Laboratory MedicineZhejiang Cancer HospitalHangzhouChina
  4. 4.Department of PharmacyHunan University of Chinese MedicineChangshaChina
  5. 5.Research Center of Silkworm Resource Exploitation, Zhejiang Academy of Traditional Chinese MedicineHangzhouChina

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