Biochemical Genetics

, Volume 47, Issue 3–4, pp 216–234 | Cite as

Evaluation of Genetic Variation in the Clown Knifefish, Chitala chitala, Using Allozymes, RAPD, and Microsatellites

  • Anup Mandal
  • Kuldeep Kumar Lal
  • Vindhya Mohindra
  • Rajeev Kumar Singh
  • Peyush Punia
  • U. K. Chauhan
  • Wazir Singh Lakra


Twenty-seven enzyme systems, six random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) primers, and two microsatellite loci were tested to determine intraspecific divergence in the natural population of the endangered Indian featherback fish, Chitala chitala, for the first time. The 262 samples of C. chitala were collected from six riverine locations in India: the Satluj, Ganga (Ghagra, Bhagirathi, and Brahmaputra), Mahanadi, and Narmada river systems. The analysis revealed population subdivisions, with an FST value from 0.1235 (95% confidence 0.0868–0.1621) for RAPD and a combined FST of 0.0344 (95% confidence 0.0340–0.0350) for microsatellite loci. An analysis of 38 allozyme loci did not reveal any polymorphism in the samples from any of the riverine localities; a possible explanation for this could be that the ancestors of Chitala could have faced a population reduction in prehistoric periods, as low allozyme variation is also reported for other species of Chitala from south Asia.


Chitala chitala Genetic diversity Allozymes Microsatellites RAPD 



Financial support received from the NATP-ICAR (subproject MM-18) is thankfully acknowledged. Excellent technical assistance provided by Mr. R. S. Sah, Mr. Akhilesh Mishra, Mr. Rajesh Kumar, and Mr. Sree Ram is also duly acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anup Mandal
    • 1
  • Kuldeep Kumar Lal
    • 1
  • Vindhya Mohindra
    • 1
  • Rajeev Kumar Singh
    • 1
  • Peyush Punia
    • 1
  • U. K. Chauhan
    • 2
  • Wazir Singh Lakra
    • 1
  1. 1.National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources (ICAR)LucknowIndia
  2. 2.Department of Environmental SciencesAPS UniversityRewaIndia

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