Biomedical Engineering

, Volume 52, Issue 6, pp 365–370 | Cite as

Multichannel Electrical Impedance Methods for Monitoring Cardiac Activity Indicators

  • A. N. TikhomirovEmail author
  • S. I. Shchukin
  • S. Leonhardt
  • A. K. Volkov
  • M. A. Murashko
Bauman Moscow State Technical University: Faculty of Biomedical Technologies - 20th Anniversary! Department of Biomedical Technical Systems - 40th Anniversary!

The potentials of multichannel methods of precordial electrical impedance mapping for monitoring cardiac activity indicators are considered. This review addresses the possibility of constructing models of blood in the heart allowing solution of the inverse impedancemetry problem to be used to determine the volume characteristics of heart activity and displacement of the boundaries of the heart, as well as movement of the center of mass of the blood in the heart during the cardiac cycle. Pilot studies of three healthy volunteers in comparison with MRI data were conducted.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Yancy, C. and Abraham, W. T., “Noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring in heart failure: Utilization of impedance cardiography,” Congest. Heart Fail., 9, No. 5, 241-250 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Leitman, M. et al., “Non-invasive measurement of cardiac output by whole-body bio-impedance during dobutamine stress echocardiography: Clinical implementations in patients with left ventricular dysfunction and ischemia,” Eur. J. Heart Failure, No. 8, 136-140 (2006).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ulbrich, M. et al., “The IMPACT shirt: Textile integrated and portable impedance cardiography,” Physiol. Meas., 35, 1181-1196 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gaw, R. L., The Effect of Red Blood Cell Orientation on the Electrical Impedance of Pulsatile Blood with Implications for Impedance Cardiography: Ph.D. Thesis, Queensland University of Technology (2010).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Malakhov, A. I., Tikhomirov, A. N., Shchukin, S. I., Kudashov, I. A., Kobelev, A. V., Belenkov, Yu. N., Shakar’yants, G. A., Kozhevnikova, M. V., and Kaplunova, V. Yu., “Electrical impedance methods for studying heart activity,” Kardiologiya, 56, No. 12, 29-36 (2016).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Timokhin, D. P., Development of a Biotechnical System for Multichannel Electrical Impedance Mapping of the Biomechanical Activity of the Heart: Dissertation for Master’s Degree in Technical Sciences [in Russian], Bauman Moscow State Technical University (2014).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kirpichenko, Yu. E., Timokhin, D. P., Shchukin, S. I., Kudashov, I. A., and Tikhomirov, A. N., “Assessment of displacement of the boundaries of the projection of the cardiac ventricles on the basis of multichannel electrical impedance mapping data,” Biomed. Radioel., No. 10, 8-11 (2012).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tikhomirov, A. N., Malakhov, A. I., Shchukin, S. I., Kobelev, A. V., Kudashov, I. A., Maslennikov, M. A., and Petrov, V. I., “Assessment of the effects of specific electrical resistance of tissues in the upper layer on precordial impedance measurements,” Biomed. Radioel., No. 10, 20-24 (2013).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Malakhov, A. I., Tikhomirov, A. N., Shchukin, S. I., and Otstavnov, S. S., “Studies of the hemodynamics of the right atrium using electrical impedance methods for patients with atrial fibrillation,” Biomed. Radioel., No. 7, 4-8 (2015).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. N. Tikhomirov
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. I. Shchukin
    • 1
  • S. Leonhardt
    • 2
  • A. K. Volkov
    • 1
  • M. A. Murashko
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Bauman Moscow State Technical UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule AachenAachenGermany
  3. 3.Federal Service for Surveillance in HealthcareMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations