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Physiological host range of Trissolcus japonicus in relation to Halyomorpha halys and other pentatomids from California

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Abstract

Brown marmorated stinkbug (BMSB), Halyomorpha halys Stål (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), is native to Asia and an invasive urban and agricultural pest in the US. In California (CA), BMSB has been recorded attacking specialty crops such as almonds and peaches. The egg parasitoid Trissolcus japonicus (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), a key BMSB natural enemy native to Asia, is a candidate for classical biological control efforts targeting BMSB in CA and other parts of the US Trissolcus japonicus cannot be introduced deliberately into CA for BMSB control without US federal regulatory agency approval which is contingent on better understanding of its host range and specificity. Consequently, the host specificity and physiological host range of T. japonicus was evaluated under laboratory quarantine conditions by exposing eggs of BMSB and non-target pentatomid hosts (native and other exotic species) found in CA to T. japonicus. No-choice and binary-choice experiments provided female T. japonicus with equal unrestricted access to eggs of BMSB and non-target pentatomids. In addition to BMSB, eggs from six of ten resident pentatomid species found in CA were parasitized by T. japonicus. However, T. japonicus attack and emergence rates were consistently higher on BMSB when compared to non-target species. These results suggest that T. japonicus is oligophagous, but BMSB is a superior reproductive host compared to non-target pentatomid species that were evaluated. The implications of these findings for classical biological control efforts targeting BMSB in CA are discussed.

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Acknowledgements

This project was supported, in part, by the US Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Agricultural Marketing Service through Grant 16-SCBGP-CA-0035, USDA Farm Bill 16-8130-0359-CA, USDA-NIFA SCRI 2016-51181-25409, California Pistachio Research Board Grant CPRB-16101166, and Consolidated Central Valley Table Grape Pest and Disease Control District Grant CCVTGP-15004. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the USDA and the other funding agencies. Special thanks to Sarah Ocampo, Jenny Nguyen, Jose Alvarado Rojas, Brett Birdwell, Ruth Amrich and Andrea Rios for their assistance with parasitoid and stink bug rearing. We also thank Chris Borkent for customizing the BMSB distribution map. We are greatly indebted to Kim Hoelmer, Kathy Tatman, and Christine Dieckhoff for providing starter colony specimens of Trissolcus japonicus and assistance with the design of safety testing protocols.

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Correspondence to Jesús R. Lara.

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Handling Editor: Stefano Colazza

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Lara, J.R., Pickett, C.H., Kamiyama, M.T. et al. Physiological host range of Trissolcus japonicus in relation to Halyomorpha halys and other pentatomids from California. BioControl 64, 513–528 (2019) doi:10.1007/s10526-019-09950-4

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Keywords

  • Classical biological control
  • Invasive species
  • Non-target species
  • Pentatomidae
  • Host-range
  • Scelionidae