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BioControl

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Violet light is the most effective wavelength for recruiting the predatory bug Nesidiocoris tenuis

  • Takuya Uehara
  • Takumi Ogino
  • Akio Nakano
  • Toshiyuki Tezuka
  • Terumi Yamaguchi
  • Yooichi Kainoh
  • Masami ShimodaEmail author
Article

Abstract

Nesidiocoris tenuis (Heteroptera: Miridae) is a zoophytophagous mirid bug that is used as a biological control agent for agricultural pests including whiteflies. N. tenuis is mass-reared commercially and can be easily bred on banker plants. However, there are still difficulties in establishing populations on crops. Light illumination is a promising candidate for recruiting N. tenuis to crop plants. In this study, we investigated whether N. tenuis has a particular spectral preference using a six-arm arena equipped with six monochromatic LED lights: UV (365 nm), violet (405 nm), blue (450 nm), green (525 nm), orange (590 nm), and red (660 nm). Adult bugs were introduced into the arena, and phototactic behavior was observed. A greater number of male bugs chose violet light, whereas female bugs chose violet and UV light equally. We next examined the effects of violet illumination in a tomato greenhouse. In conventional plots, bugs remained near banker plants, whereas in illuminated plots, bugs immediately dispersed from the plants and became uniformly distributed in the greenhouse. Based on these results, we conclude that violet is a promising wavelength for the recruitment and establishment of N. tenuis on crop plants.

Keywords

Phototaxis Behavioral manipulation IPM Optical manipulation Wavelength preference 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, Cross-ministerial Strategic Innovation Promotion Program (SIP), “Technologies for creating next-generation agriculture, forestry and fisheries” (Funding agency: Bio-oriented Technology Research Advancement Institution, NARO) and JSPS KAKENHI Grant Nos. 25660268 and 16K14868 for MS.

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Copyright information

© International Organization for Biological Control (IOBC) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Agrobiological SciencesNAROTsukubaJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of Life and Environmental SciencesUniversity of TsukubaTsukubaJapan
  3. 3.Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceChiyoda, TokyoJapan
  4. 4.Tokushima Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries Technology Support CentreTokushimaJapan
  5. 5.Agri-Soken IncInashikiJapan

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