, Volume 62, Issue 3, pp 409–421 | Cite as

Species assemblages of ladybirds including the harlequin ladybird Harmonia axyridis: a comparison at large spatial scale in urban habitats

  • Sandra Viglášová
  • Oldřich Nedvěd
  • Peter Zach
  • Ján Kulfan
  • Michal Parák
  • Alois Honěk
  • Zdenka Martinková
  • Helen E. Roy


We evaluated the status of native ladybird assemblages in the presence of the non-native ladybird Harmonia axyridis Pallas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in three European countries. To achieve this, we assessed the abundance of ladybirds from common host plants in urban areas of Great Britain, Czech Republic and Slovak Republic in 2014. We determined (i) the effects of season, host plant, location, abundance of H. axyridis and aphids on the ladybird species assemblage, (ii) the relationship between ladybird abundance and aphid density, (iii) the relationship between diversity of native ladybird species and the abundance of H. axyridis. There was a non-linear relationship between abundance of ladybirds and abundance of aphids but we found the abundance of other ladybird species was not correlated with H. axyridis. We highlight the value of large-spatial scale studies for revealing patterns in community assemblages and ultimately informing understanding of ecosystem resilience.


Aphids Coleoptera Community Diversity Host plant Invasive species 



The authors acknowledge Lukáš Fiedler and Katie Murray for help in sampling of ladybirds, the EU COST (TD1209 and LD14084) Action Alien Challenge, VEGA 2/0052/15 and 2/0012/17, APVV 14-0567 and grant 7AMB14SK016 provided by the Ministry of Education of the Czech Republic. Helen Roy is funded through the Biological Record Centre, part of the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, which receives support from the Joint Nature Conservation Committee and the Natural Environment Research Council (via National Capability funding to the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Project NEC04932).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10526_2017_9793_MOESM1_ESM.docx (31 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 30 kb)


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Copyright information

© International Organization for Biological Control (IOBC) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Forest EcologySlovak Academy of SciencesZvolenSlovak Republic
  2. 2.Faculty of ScienceUniversity of South BohemiaČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic
  3. 3.Institute of Entomology, Biology Centre AS CRČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic
  4. 4.Crop Research InstitutePrague – 6Czech Republic
  5. 5.Centre for Ecology & HydrologyWallingfordUK

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