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BioControl

, Volume 62, Issue 3, pp 373–384 | Cite as

Determining the effects of life stage, shared prey density and host plant on intraguild predation of a native lacewing (Chrysoperla carnea) by an invasive coccinellid (Harmonia axyridis)

  • P. M. Wells
  • J. Baverstock
  • S. J. Clark
  • F. M. Jiggins
  • H. E. Roy
  • J. K. Pell
Article

Abstract

Negative impacts of non-native Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) on members of the native aphid enemy guild have been widely hypothesised but mainly only assessed with other coccinellid species, and mostly in small experimental arenas. Here we investigated the interactions between H. axyridis and Chrysoperla carnea Stephens larvae. In small-scale (Petri dish) arenas 2nd-instar C. carnea were at risk of predation from larval (2nd and 4th-instar) and adult (male and female) H. axyridis while 3rd-instar C. carnea were only at minimal risk from 4th-instar and adult female H. axyridis. Plant species, aphid species and aphid density did not affect intraguild predation of 2nd-instar C. carnea by 4th-instar and adult H. axyridis in mesocosm experiments. Chrysoperla carnea consumed similar numbers of Megoura viciae Buckton, Aphis fabae Scop. and Acyrthosiphon pisum Harris aphids while H. axyridis consumed fewer M. viciae than the other two species. The greatest suppression of A. pisum was achieved in treatments with both C. carnea and H. axyridis. Life stage and the sex of H. axyridis as well as the life stage of C. carnea are important variables affecting intraguild predation and these attributes should be considered when assessing the potential threat of other potentially invasive alien predators.

Keywords

Coleoptera Coccinellidae Neuroptera Chrysopidae Intraguild predation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Thanks to Mike Majerus for his enthusiasm and support in the conception and start of this project—he was an inspiration. PMW was supported by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council of the United Kingdom (BBSRC). JB was supported by the U.K. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra). JKP was supported by Defra and BBSRC. Rothamsted Research is an Institute of the BBSRC. HER is in the Biological Records Centre (BRC) within the NERC Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. BRC is cofunded by NERC and the Joint Nature Conservation Committee.

Supplementary material

10526_2016_9775_MOESM1_ESM.docx (16 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 15 kb)

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Copyright information

© International Organization for Biological Control (IOBC) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. M. Wells
    • 1
  • J. Baverstock
    • 1
  • S. J. Clark
    • 1
  • F. M. Jiggins
    • 2
  • H. E. Roy
    • 3
  • J. K. Pell
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Rothamsted ResearchHarpendenUK
  2. 2.University of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  3. 3.Centre for Ecology and HydrologyWallingfordUK
  4. 4.J.K. Pell ConsultingLutonUK

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