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BioControl

, Volume 61, Issue 1, pp 57–67 | Cite as

Effects of ten naturally occurring sugars on the reproductive success of the green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea

  • Darinka GonzalezEmail author
  • Anabela Nave
  • Fátima Gonçalves
  • Fernando M. Nunes
  • Mercedes Campos
  • Laura Torres
Article

Abstract

The longevity and reproduction of Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) when fed on ten naturally occurring sugars and on an artificial diet composed by honey and pollen (1:1) were evaluated. The effect of these diets differed between sexes. However insects of both sexes lived longer when fed on fructose than on sucrose, melezitose or raffinose. None of the females oviposited when offered raffinose, galactose or mannose. Moreover, lifetime fecundity of females fed on trehalose was not different from the artificial diet. The intrinsic rate of natural increase did not differ between trehalose, maltose, melibiose, fructose, glucose and artificial diet, being significantly lower for individuals fed on melezitose and sucrose. The importance of these results for the selection of natural sugar sources that enhance C. carnea effectiveness as a biological control agent against crop pests is discussed.

Keywords

Conservation biological control Floral nectar Coccid honeydew Habitat manipulation Life table Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research is part of the PhD graduate studies of Anabela Nave which was partially funded by grant SFRH/BD/34394/2008, with partial funding by FEDER funds via Programa Operacional Factores de Competitividade COMPETE (FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-008685) and national funds via FCT—Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia, through project PTDC/AGR-AAM/100979/2008.

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Copyright information

© International Organization for Biological Control (IOBC) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Darinka Gonzalez
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anabela Nave
    • 1
  • Fátima Gonçalves
    • 1
  • Fernando M. Nunes
    • 2
  • Mercedes Campos
    • 3
  • Laura Torres
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environmental and Biological Sciences, CITABUniversity of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, UTADVila RealPortugal
  2. 2.CQVR, Chemistry Research Centre, Chemistry DepartmentUniversity of Trás-os-Montes and Alto DouroVila RealPortugal
  3. 3.Department of Environmental ProtectionEstación Experimental de ZaidínGranadaSpain

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