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BioControl

, Volume 59, Issue 2, pp 149–157 | Cite as

Female pupae of the genetic sexing strain “Tap-7” of Anastrepha ludens as hosts of Coptera haywardi

  • Florida López-Arriaga
  • Pablo Montoya
  • Jorge Cancino
  • Jorge Toledo
  • Pablo Liedo
Article

Abstract

Female black pupae from the Anastrepha ludens genetic sexing strain Tapachula-7 were evaluated as hosts for Coptera haywardi. We studied the host acceptance and the effects of age, irradiation and automated mechanical separation of black pupae on the emergence, survival, fecundity and flight ability of parasitoid C. haywardi adults. Our results indicated that black pupae are viable hosts for C. haywardi. Adult emergence was greater when the exposed pupae were three and five days old. The impact that occurred during mechanical separation reduced emergence by 16 %. The tested irradiation doses (25, 35 and 45 Gy) did not significantly affect adult emergence. No significant differences in longevity, fecundity or flight ability were observed between parasitoids that emerged from the Tapachula-7 black pupae and those that emerged from the standard mass-reared strain.

Keywords

Fruit flies Pupal parasitoid Hymenoptera: Diapriidae Biological control Host Black pupa 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank to Julio Rojas (Ecosur) for helpful review of this manuscript and Javier Valle-Mora (Ecosur) for assistance in the statistical analyses. Yeudiel Gómez and the Moscamed irradiation plant staff help us irradiating the biological material. Dina Orozco (Moscafrut facility SAGARPA-IICA) provided the biological materials. We also thank the National Council for Science and Technology (CONACYT) for the scholarship granted to FLA.

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Copyright information

© International Organization for Biological Control (IOBC) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Florida López-Arriaga
    • 1
  • Pablo Montoya
    • 1
  • Jorge Cancino
    • 1
  • Jorge Toledo
    • 2
  • Pablo Liedo
    • 2
  1. 1.Programa Moscafrut SAGARPA-IICAMetapa DomínguezMexico
  2. 2.El Colegio de la Frontera SurTapachulaMexico

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