Control of Myzus persicae and Lipaphis erysimi (Hemiptera: Aphididae) by adults and larvae of a flightless strain of Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) on non-heading Brassica cultivars in the greenhouse
The green peach aphid [Myzus persicae (Sulzer)] and turnip aphid [Lipaphis erysimi (Kaltenbach)] are economically important pests with a worldwide distribution. We have evaluated the efficacy of releasing adults and larvae of a flightless strain of the multicolored Asian lady beetle (Harmonia axyridis Pallas) as a control measure against these aphids on plants of non-heading Brassica cultivars. Both adults and larvae of H. axyridis were observed to be effective biocontrol agents, markedly decreasing the numbers of aphids. The residence duration of adults was longer than that of larvae. The proportion of non-marketable plants damaged by aphids was lower in plots into which either adults or adults and larvae of H. axyridis had been released. These results suggest that both adults and larvae of this flightless strain of H. axyridis are effective in controlling aphids on plants of non-heading Brassica cultivars.
KeywordsFlightless strain Harmonia axyridis Myzus persicae Lipaphis erysimi Non-heading Brassica
We thank Agrisect Inc. Co. Ltd for providing the ladybird beetles. This research was supported in part by funding for research and development projects for application in promoting new policies of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries from the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries of Japan.
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