Combining plant resistance and a natural enemy to control Amphorophora idaei
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- Mitchell, C., Johnson, S.N., Gordon, S.C. et al. BioControl (2010) 55: 321. doi:10.1007/s10526-009-9257-2
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The European large raspberry aphid Amphorophora idaei Börner (Homoptera: Aphididae) is a virus vector of at least four plant virus complexes making it the most important aphid pest of raspberries in Northern Europe. An approach combining a bottom-up control (plant resistance) and a top-down control (an aphid parasitoid) using Aphidius ervi Haliday (Hymenoptera: Aphidiinae) was investigated in the laboratory. Aphid performance (pre-reproductive period, total reproductive output, lifespan and rm) were compared when reared on both a susceptible cultivar and a resistant cultivar with significantly poorer performance on the resistant cultivar. Parasitoid attack behaviour increased with aphid density on both cultivars, but was significantly lower on resistant plants than susceptible plants. Aphids showed a greater tendency to drop from the plant when feeding on resistant plants compared with susceptible plants. The significance of the results is discussed in the context of possible control of the aphid using these combined methods.