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BioControl

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 89–106 | Cite as

Soybean Aphid Predators in Québec and the Suitability of Aphis glycines as Prey for Three Coccinellidae

  • Marie-Pierre Mignault
  • Michèle Roy
  • Jacques BrodeurEmail author
Article

Abstract

Since its invasion of North America in 2000, the soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura (Homoptera: Aphididae) has notably changed the arthropod community of the soybean agroecosystem. The objectives of this study were to characterize the foliar predatory fauna associated with A. glycines in commercial soybean fields in Québec, Canada, and to evaluate the suitability of A. glycines as prey for three coccinellid species: Harmonia axyridis Pallas, Propylea quatuordecimpunctata L. and Coleomegilla maculata lengi Timberlake (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Field surveys showed that several predators responded rapidly to expanding and increasing populations of the soybean aphid. Coccinellidae were the most important aphidophagous predators observed in 2002 (58.6%) and 2003 (44.8%), with mainly four native and naturalized species co-occurring with the soybean aphid throughout the growing season. Measurement of fitness parameters under laboratory conditions (survival, development time, longevity, fecundity) indicated that A. glycines is an excellent prey for the development and reproduction of all three of the coccinellid species studied. The intrinsic rate of natural increase (rm) was highest for H. axyridis (0.238 d−1), intermediate for P. quatuordecimpunctata (0.215 d−1) and lowest for C. maculata (0.134 d−1).

Keywords

Aphis glycines biological control Coleomegilla maculata Harmonia axyridis Propylea quatuordecimpunctata prey suitability 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marie-Pierre Mignault
    • 1
  • Michèle Roy
    • 2
  • Jacques Brodeur
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Département de Phytologie, Centre de Recherche en HorticultureUniversité LavalQuébecCanada
  2. 2.Direction des services technologiques, Ministère de l’Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l’Alimentation du QuébecQuébecCanada
  3. 3.Département des sciences biologiques, Institut de recherche en biologie végétaleUniversité de MontréalMontréalCanada

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