Therapeutic effects of curcumin on age-induced alterations in daily rhythms of clock genes and Sirt1 expression in the SCN of male Wistar rats
The aging brain is linked to accumulation of oxidative stress and increase in damage to biomolecules which in turn may cause or promote circadian dysfunction by disruption of biological clock, the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). Age associated alterations in clock gene expression in the SCN has been reported earlier. In the present study we have examined therapeutic effects of the antioxidant curcumin on age induced alterations in daily rhythms and levels of core clock genes in SCN of young [3 months (m)], middle (12 months) and old (24 months) male Wistar rats. Curcumin was administered orally at ZT-11, 1 hour (h) before the onset of darkness. The effect of curcumin administration on daily rhythms and levels of expression of clock genes such as rBmal1, rPer1, rPer2, rCry1, rCry2 and rRev-erbα as well as on the clock modulator rSirt1 were studied. There was restoration of phase of rPer1, rPer2, rCry1, rCry2 and daily pulse of rPer2 in middle aged animals. However, in old aged rats the phase and daily pulse of rPer1 were restored with curcumin treatment. rSirt1 did not show age related alterations in its transcript levels though the rhythms were abolished in old aged rat SCN. Pearson correlation analysis showed that curcumin administration to 12 and 24 months animals had resulted in restorations of several correlations among clock genes which were found to be altered/abolished in age matched control groups. In addition, strong interlocking interactions between rSirt1 and clock genes were observed in young age which were disrupted with aging and curcumin administration resulted in partial restoration.
KeywordsCurcumin SCN Clock genes Sirt1 Aging
This work is supported by ICMR Grant (Ref. No. 55/7/2012-/BMS) to AJ. KK is thankful to DST-INSPIRE for SRF.
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