Behavior Genetics

, Volume 44, Issue 4, pp 356–367 | Cite as

Examination of Genetic Variation in GABRA2 with Conduct Disorder and Alcohol Abuse and Dependence in a Longitudinal Study

  • Whitney E. Melroy
  • Sarah H. Stephens
  • Joseph T. Sakai
  • Helen M. Kamens
  • Matthew B. McQueen
  • Robin P. Corley
  • Michael C. Stallings
  • Christian J. Hopfer
  • Kenneth S. Krauter
  • Sandra A. Brown
  • John K. Hewitt
  • Marissa A. EhringerEmail author
Original Research


Previous studies have shown associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in gamma aminobutyric acid receptor alpha 2 (GABRA2) and adolescent conduct disorder (CD) and alcohol dependence in adulthood, but not adolescent alcohol dependence. The present study was intended as a replication and extension of this work, focusing on adolescent CD, adolescent alcohol abuse and dependence (AAD), and adult AAD. Family based association tests were run using Hispanics and non-Hispanic European American subjects from two independent longitudinal samples. Although the analysis provided nominal support for an association with rs9291283 and AAD in adulthood and CD in adolescence, the current study failed to replicate previous associations between two well replicated GABRA2 SNPs and CD and alcohol dependence. Overall, these results emphasize the utility of including an independent replication sample in the study design, so that the results from an individual sample can be weighted in the context of its reproducibility.


Alcohol Association Gamma aminobutyric acid receptor alpha 2 Human genetic study Single nucleotide polymorphisms 



Thanks to Thomas Crowley, an important contributor to the CADD and GADD data collection. This work supported by grants from the National Institutes of Health: AA017889, AA019447, DA011015, DA012845, and DA017637.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 (5). Informed consent was obtained from all patients for being included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Whitney E. Melroy
    • 1
  • Sarah H. Stephens
    • 2
  • Joseph T. Sakai
    • 3
  • Helen M. Kamens
    • 4
  • Matthew B. McQueen
    • 1
  • Robin P. Corley
    • 1
  • Michael C. Stallings
    • 1
  • Christian J. Hopfer
    • 8
  • Kenneth S. Krauter
    • 5
  • Sandra A. Brown
    • 6
  • John K. Hewitt
    • 1
  • Marissa A. Ehringer
    • 1
    • 7
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute for Behavioral GeneticsUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  2. 2.School of MedicineUniversity of MarylandBaltimoreUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Colorado Anschutz Medical CampusAuroraUSA
  4. 4.Department of Biobehavioral HealthPennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  5. 5.MCDBUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  6. 6.Department of Psychology and PsychiatryUniversity of CaliforniaSan DiegoUSA
  7. 7.Department of Integrative Physiology, Institute for Behavioral GeneticsUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  8. 8.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Colorado School of MedicineAuroraUSA

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