Behavior Genetics

, 38:417 | Cite as

Genetic Mapping of Vocalization to a Series of Increasing Acute Footshocks Using B6.A Consomic and B6.D2 Congenic Mouse Strains

  • Douglas B. Matthews
  • Elissa J. Chesler
  • Melloni N. Cook
  • Jody Cockroft
  • Vivek M. Philip
  • Dan Goldowitz
Original Paper

Abstract

Footshock response is used to study a variety of biological functions in mammals including drug self-administration, learning and memory and nociception. However, the genetics underlying variability in footshock sensitivity are not well understood. In the current studies, a panel of B6.A consomic mouse strains, two B6.D2 genome-tagged mouse lines, and the progenitor strains were screened for footshock sensitivity as measured by audible vocalization. It was found that A/J (A) mice and C57BL/6J (B6) mice with an A Chromosome 1 (Chr 1) were less sensitive to footshock compared to B6 animals. Furthermore, the offspring of Chr 1 consomic mice crossed with B6 mice had vocalization levels that were intermediate to A/J and B6 animals. A F2 mapping panel revealed two significant QTLs for footshock vocalization centered around D1Mit490 and D1Mit206 on Chr 1. The role of these Chr 1 loci in footshock sensitivity was confirmed in B6.D2 genome-tagged mouse lines.

Keywords

Stress Footshock Vocalization Mice QTL Chromosome 1 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas B. Matthews
    • 1
    • 2
  • Elissa J. Chesler
    • 3
  • Melloni N. Cook
    • 1
  • Jody Cockroft
    • 4
  • Vivek M. Philip
    • 5
  • Dan Goldowitz
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MemphisMemphisUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychology and NeuroscienceBaylor UniversityWacoUSA
  3. 3.Systems Genetics Group, Biosciences DivisionOak Ridge National LaboratoryOak RidgeUSA
  4. 4.Department of Anatomy and NeurobiologyUniversity of Tennessee Health Science CenterMemphisUSA
  5. 5.Genome Science and Technology ProgramUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA

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