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Use of scrap tire pads in vibration control system for seismic response reduction of buildings

  • Kazutaka ShiraiEmail author
  • Jihyun Park
Original Research
  • 4 Downloads

Abstract

This study evaluated the use of scrap tire pads (STPs) made of used tires in a vibration control system for earthquake protection of building structures. Concepts and advantages of the seismic mass damper system using STPs, experimental investigation of a STP unit specimen, and numerical assessment of the control effects by the proposed system are presented. Dynamic loading tests under constant vertical pressures as well as vertical loading tests on the STP specimen were conducted to obtain the basic mechanical characteristics of the STP. The test results demonstrated that the STP specimen exhibited stable hysteresis loops against lateral cyclic loadings and showed a moderate damping capacity without any additional energy dissipation devices. Also, dependencies of the lateral equivalent stiffness and viscous damping factor on displacement magnitude, vertical pressure, loading frequency, and cycle number were obtained from the test results. Moreover, an earthquake response analysis was carried out to evaluate the response reduction effects if the proposed mass damper system was installed in a building. The results showed the effectiveness of the proposed system under various seismic input motions.

Keywords

Scrap tire pad (STP) Used tire Equivalent stiffness Equivalent viscous damping factor Earthquake response Mass damper 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Dr. Masaru Kikuchi, Professor of Hokkaido University, for his great support and helpful advice during the conduct of this study. We also appreciate Dr. Hideaki Kato and Dr. Masahiro Nakamura of Bridgestone Corporation for conducting the loading tests in this study. We further express our gratitude to the Japan Meteorological Agency and Building Performance Standardization Association for providing the seismic observation data used in the analysis in this study. This study was supported by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, KAKENHI Grant Number 16K14180.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of EngineeringHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

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