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Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering

, Volume 17, Issue 6, pp 3495–3516 | Cite as

Direct estimation of the P-delta effect through the “stability-coefficient-response-spectra” by introducing the “first-storey-single-degree-of-freedom” system

  • Seyed Mohammad Fard MousaviEmail author
  • Serhan Sensoy
Original Research
  • 137 Downloads

Abstract

Present study introduces two concepts for direct estimation of P-delta effect in both, strength based, and displacement based design methods. Although various previously conducted studies focused on inclusion of P-delta effect into the aforementioned design methods, development of reliable procedures is still attractive. The major argument of present study is that: treatment of P-delta effect can be enhanced by using an alternative response/design spectrum. To this end, and based on period-dependence feature of stability coefficient (SC), the “stability coefficient response spectra” (SCRS) is introduced. The SCRS, plots spectral acceleration versus SC, instead of period, for a pendulum with known height. To facilitate implementation of SCRS on multi-degree-of-freedom systems, and by considering some special features of the first-storey, the concept of “first-storey-single-degree-of-freedom” (FSSDOF) system is introduced. The FSSDOF system permits setting the minimum necessary lateral stiffness, conforming to a pre-selected SC limit, and a given ductility level, at very early stages of design process. Moreover, it is shown that implementation of SCRS and FSSDOF system can be extended to account for drift limits. This is done by introducing a modified version of the “yield-point-spectra” method in which period-dependence feature of SC is recognized. Several numerical examples are included as part of the presentation.

Keywords

Stability-coefficient response spectra First-storey single-degree-of-freedom-system P-delta effect Pendulum-based spectra Inverted-pendulum 

Notes

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Civil Engineering DepartmentEastern Mediterranean UniversityFamagustaTurkey

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