Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering

, Volume 17, Issue 6, pp 3095–3117 | Cite as

Evaluation of EPS wall effectiveness to mitigate shallow foundation deformation induced by reverse faulting

  • Mohammad Hasan Baziar
  • Sajjad Heidari Hasanaklou
  • Alireza Saeedi AzizkandiEmail author
Original Research


A comprehensive study is presented to illustrate the effect of an expanded polystyrene sheet (EPS) wall for absorbing fault rupture and its effects on shallow embedded foundations. Numerical modeling has been thoroughly validated through centrifuge test results. Various embedment depths and fault dip angles were considered to specify the critical foundation position on the soil surface. Furthermore, the impact of vertical trenching of an EPS wall, next to a rigid foundation, was investigated to mitigate surface foundation deformation. Results indicated that, due to high compressibility and low shear resistance that is not time dependent, an EPS wall panel protects the foundation by absorbing fault induced shear strains in the soil stratum. The effectiveness of such walls depends mainly on the geometry, location and mechanical characteristics of the walls, foundation location, bedrock fault offset, and fault dip angle.


Fault rupture Critical position of foundation EPS wall Mitigating foundation deformation Embedment depth 



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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Hasan Baziar
    • 1
  • Sajjad Heidari Hasanaklou
    • 1
  • Alireza Saeedi Azizkandi
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Civil EngineeringIran University of Science and TechnologyTehranIran

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