Two-way bending out-of-plane collapse of a full-scale URM building tested on a shake table

  • Umberto Tomassetti
  • António A. Correia
  • Paulo X. Candeias
  • Francesco GraziottiEmail author
  • Alfredo Campos Costa
Original Research


This paper describes a shake table test on a one-storey full-scale unreinforced masonry structure, which complements an earlier testing of a two-storey structure with similar characteristics. The building specimen was meant to represent the upper floors of the end-unit of a terraced house, built with cavity walls and without any particular seismic design or detailing. In these specimens, the masonry walls were composed of two leaves: a load-bearing inner one made of calcium silicate bricks sustaining a reinforced concrete floor and an external leaf made of clay-bricks connected to the inner leaf by means of metallic ties. A pitched timber roof was supported by two triangular gable walls. Floor acceleration response histories of the previously tested two-storey specimen were used as input motions. An incremental dynamic test, with vertical and horizontal inputs, was carried out up to the explicit collapse of some bearing elements of the structure. In particular, a two-way bending out-of-plane collapse of a load-bearing wall was observed and described.


Shake table Out-of-plane Collapse Timber roof Non-structural components Vertical acceleration 



This paper describes an activity that is part of the project entitled “Study of the vulnerability of masonry buildings in Groningen” at EUCENTRE, undertaken within the framework of the research program for hazard and risk of induced seismicity in Groningen sponsored by the Nederlandse Aardolie Maatschappij BV. The authors would like to thank all the parties involved in this project: LNEC Lab and EUCENTRE Lab, together with NAM, Arup and TU Delft. The useful advice of R. Pinho, are gratefully acknowledged. Special thanks, go also to J. Uilenreef, G. Magenes, A. Penna, H. Crowley, A. I. Marques, M. Mandirola, S. Sharma for their support in the different phases of the experimental campaign.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture – DICArUniversity of PaviaPaviaItaly
  2. 2.European Centre for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering – EUCENTREPaviaItaly
  3. 3.National Laboratory for Civil Engineering – LNECLisbonPortugal

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