Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 271–296 | Cite as

Seismic performance of precast concrete-filled circular tube segmental column under biaxial lateral cyclic loadings

  • Chao Li
  • Hong HaoEmail author
  • Kaiming BiEmail author
Original Research


Precast segmental column has been developed in recent years as one of the widely used prefabricated structures to accelerate construction speed. However, its applications are limited in the areas of low seismicity due to insufficient knowledge about its performance under seismic loading. Recently, some research works have been performed to understand the seismic performance of precast segmental columns. However, only the uniaxial cyclic loading was considered. In reality, the seismic excitation is not uniaxial. Considering responses of columns to uniaxial loading only may not accurately reflect the true structural response during an earthquake. In this study, comprehensive numerical analyses are carried out to investigate the seismic performances of circular precast segmental columns under biaxial lateral cyclic loadings. A three-dimensional numerical model is firstly developed and validated against the experimental results of a precast concrete-filled tube segmental column under uniaxial cyclic loading. Six biaxial cyclic loading cases are then applied to the validated model. The numerical results indicate that biaxial cyclic loading paths can significantly influence the strength, ductility and energy dissipation of the column. In addition, the residual displacement of the segmental column increases obviously under biaxial cyclic loading compared with that of the column under uniaxial cyclic loading. Shape memory alloy is found to be effective to minimize the residual displacement of the segmental column under biaxial loading. Moreover, the axial loading ratio has a more pronounced effect on the strength degradations of the column under biaxial lateral cyclic loading than that of the column under uniaxial loading.


Segmental column Biaxial cyclic loading Seismic performance Axial loading ratio SMA 



The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from Australian Research Council (DP 150104346) to carry out this research work. The first author would also like to acknowledge Curtin University and China Scholarship Council for providing the scholarship.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


  1. Auricchio F, Taylor RL, Lubliner J (1997) Shape-memory alloys: macromodelling and numerical simulations of the superelastic behavior. Comput Methods Appl Mech Eng 146:281–312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Billington SL, Yoon J (2004) Cyclic response of unbonded posttensioned precast columns with ductile fiber-reinforced concrete. J Bridge Eng 9:353–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bousias SN, Verzeletti G, Fardis MN, Gutierrez E (1995) Load-path effects in column biaxial bending with axial force. J Eng Mech 121:596–605CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bu ZY, Ou YC, Song JW, Zhang NS, Lee GC (2015) Cyclic loading test of unbonded and bonded posttensioned precast segmental bridge columns with circular section. J Bridge Eng 21:04015043CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cai Z-K, Wang Z, Yang TY (2018a) Experimental testing and modeling of precast segmental bridge columns with hybrid normal- and high-strength steel rebars. Constr Build Mater 166:945–955. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cai Z-K, Zhou Z, Wang Z (2018b) Influencing factors of residual drifts of precast segmental bridge columns with energy dissipation bars. Adv Struct Eng. Google Scholar
  7. Chang S-Y (2009) Experimental studies of reinforced concrete bridge columns under axial load plus biaxial bending. J Struct Eng 136:12–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chou CC, Chen YC (2006) Cyclic tests of post-tensioned precast CFT segmental bridge columns with unbonded strands. Earthq Eng Struct Dyn 35:159–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chou CC, Chang HJ, Hewes JT (2013) Two-plastic-hinge and two dimensional finite element models for post-tensioned precast concrete segmental bridge columns. Eng Struct 46:205–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dawood H, ElGawady M, Hewes J (2011) Behavior of segmental precast posttensioned bridge piers under lateral loads. J Bridge Eng 17:735–746CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. ElGawady MA, Sha’lan A (2010) Seismic behavior of self-centering precast segmental bridge bents. J Bridge Eng 16:328–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. ElGawady M, Booker AJ, Dawood HM (2010) Seismic behavior of posttensioned concrete-filled fiber tubes. J Compos Constr 14:616–628CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Goto Y, Jiang K, Obata M (2006) Stability and ductility of thin-walled circular steel columns under cyclic bidirectional loading. J Struct Eng 132:1621–1631. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Goto Y, Muraki M, Obata M (2009) Ultimate state of thin-walled circular steel columns under bidirectional seismic accelerations. J Struct Eng 135:1481–1490CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Han L-H, Yao G-H, Tao Z (2007) Performance of concrete-filled thin-walled steel tubes under pure torsion Thin Wall Struct 45:24–36Google Scholar
  16. Hewes JT, Priestley MN (2002) Seismic design and performance of precast concrete segmental bridge columns, vol no. SSRP-2001/25. University of California, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  17. Khaled A, Massicotte B, Tremblay R (2010) Cyclic testing of large-scale rectangular bridge columns under bidirectional earthquake components. J Bridge Eng 16:351–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Leitner EJ, Hao H (2016) Three-dimensional finite element modelling of rocking bridge piers under cyclic loading and exploration of options for increased energy dissipation. Eng Struct 118:74–88. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Li C, Hao H, Bi K (2017a) Numerical study on the seismic performance of precast segmental concrete columns under cyclic loading. Eng Struct 148:373–386. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Li C, Hao H, Zhang X, Bi K (2017b) Experimental study of precast segmental columns with unbonded tendons under cyclic loading. Adv Struct Eng. Google Scholar
  21. Nikbakht E, Rashid K, Hejazi F, Osman SA (2014) A numerical study on seismic response of self-centring precast segmental columns at different post-tensioning forces. Lat Am J Solids Struct 11:864–883CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Nikbakht E, Rashid K, Hejazi F, Osman SA (2015) Application of shape memory alloy bars in self-centring precast segmental columns as seismic resistance. Struct Infrastruct Eng 11:297–309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ou YC, Wang PH, Tsai MS, Chang KC, Lee GC (2009) Large-scale experimental study of precast segmental unbonded posttensioned concrete bridge columns for seismic regions. J Struct Eng 136:255–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Ou YC, Tsai MS, Chang KC, Lee GC (2010) Cyclic behavior of precast segmental concrete bridge columns with high performance or conventional steel reinforcing bars as energy dissipation bars. Earthq Eng Struct Dyn 39:1181–1198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Qiu F, Li W, Pan P, Qian J (2002) Experimental tests on reinforced concrete columns under biaxial quasi-static loading. Eng Struct 24:419–428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rodrigues H, Varum H, Arêde A, Costa A (2012) A comparative analysis of energy dissipation and equivalent viscous damping of RC columns subjected to uniaxial and biaxial loading. Eng Struct 35:149–164. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Rodrigues H, Arêde A, Varum H, Costa A (2013a) Damage evolution in reinforced concrete columns subjected to biaxial loading. Bull Earthq Eng 11:1517–1540CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Rodrigues H, Arêde A, Varum H, Costa AG (2013b) Experimental evaluation of rectangular reinforced concrete column behaviour under biaxial cyclic loading. Earthq Eng Struct Dyn 42:239–259. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Rodrigues H, Arêde A, Furtado A, Rocha P (2015a) Seismic behavior of strengthened RC columns under biaxial loading: an experimental characterization. Constr Build Mater 95:393–405. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rodrigues H, Furtado A, Arêde A (2015b) Behavior of rectangular reinforced-concrete columns under biaxial cyclic loading and variable axial loads. J Struct Eng 142:04015085CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Rodrigues H, Furtado A, Arêde A (2017) Experimental evaluation of energy dissipation and viscous damping of repaired and strengthened RC columns with CFRP jacketing under biaxial load. Eng Struct 145:162–175. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Rodrigues H, Furtado A, Arêde A, Vila-Pouca N, Varum H (2018) Experimental study of repaired RC columns subjected to uniaxial and biaxial horizontal loading and variable axial load with longitudinal reinforcement welded steel bars solutions. Eng Struct 155:371–386. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Saiidi MS, O’Brien M, Sadrossadat-Zadeh M (2009) Cyclic response of concrete bridge columns using superelastic nitinol and bendable concrete. ACI Struct J 106:69Google Scholar
  34. Shim CS, Chung C-H, Kim HH (2008) Experimental evaluation of seismic performance of precast segmental bridge piers with a circular solid section. Eng Struct 30:3782–3792CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Shirmohammadi F, Esmaeily A (2015) Performance of reinforced concrete columns under bi-axial lateral force/displacement and axial load. Eng Struct 99:63–77. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Shrestha B, Hao H (2015) Parametric study of seismic performance of super-elastic shape memory alloy-reinforced bridge piers. Struct Infrastruct Eng 12:1076–1089. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Sideris P, Aref AJ, Filiatrault A (2014) Quasi-static cyclic testing of a large-scale hybrid sliding-rocking segmental column with slip-dominant joints. J Bridge Eng 19:04014036CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Simulia DS (2012) Abaqus 6.12 documentation Providence, Rhode IslandGoogle Scholar
  39. Sun Z, Wang D, Bi K, Si B (2016) Experimental and numerical investigations on the seismic behavior of bridge piers with vertical unbonded prestressing strands. Bull Earthq Eng 14:501–527CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Ucak A, Tsopelas P (2014) Load path effects in circular steel columns under bidirectional lateral cyclic loading. J Struct Eng 141:04014133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wilson JC, Wesolowsky MJ (2005) Shape memory alloys for seismic response modification: a state-of-the-art review. Earthq Spect 21:569–601. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Infrastructure Monitoring and Protection, School of Civil and Mechanical EngineeringCurtin UniversityBentleyAustralia
  2. 2.School of Civil EngineeringGuangzhou UniversityGuangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations