Advertisement

Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering

, Volume 16, Issue 10, pp 5017–5040 | Cite as

Performance-based optimisation of RC frames with friction wall dampers using a low-cost optimisation method

  • Neda NabidEmail author
  • Iman Hajirasouliha
  • Mihail Petkovski
Original Research Paper
  • 319 Downloads

Abstract

Friction-based dampers can be considered as one of the suitable passive control systems for seismic strengthening and rehabilitation of existing substandard structures due to their high adjustability and good energy dissipation capability. One of the main issues in the design of these systems is to obtain the magnitude of the maximum slip force and the distribution of slip forces along the height of the building. In this study, a practical performance-based optimisation methodology is developed for seismic design of RC frame buildings with friction energy dissipation devices, which allows for an accurate solution at low computational cost. The proposed method aims at distributing the slip loads of the friction dampers to achieve a uniform distribution of damage along the height of the building. The efficiency of the method is evaluated through the optimum design of five different low to high-rise RC frames equipped with friction wall dampers under six natural and six synthetic spectrum-compatible earthquakes. Sensitivity analyses are performed to assess the reliability of the method using different initial height-wise slip load distributions, convergence parameters and earthquake records. The results indicate that optimum frames exhibit less maximum inter-storey drift (up to 43%) and global damage index (up to 75%), compared to uniform slip load distribution. The method is then developed to obtain the optimum design solution for a set of earthquakes representing a design spectrum. It is shown that the proposed method can provide an efficient tool for optimum seismic design of RC structures with friction energy dissipation devices for practical purposes.

Keywords

Optimisation Seismic performance Structural damage Friction damper Energy dissipation 

References

  1. Adachi F, Yoshitomi S, Tsuji M, Takewaki I (2013) Nonlinear optimal oil damper design in seismically controlled multi-story building frame. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 44:1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Agrawal AK, Yang JN (1999) Design of passive energy dissipation systems based on LQR control methods. J Intell Mater Syst Struct 10:933–944CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aiken I (1996) Passive energy dissipation—hardware and applications. In: Los Angeles county and SEAOSC symposium on passive energy dissipation systems for new and existing buildingsGoogle Scholar
  4. American Concrete Institute (2014) Building code requirements for structural concrete (ACI 318-14) and commentary on building code requirements for structural concrete (ACI 318R-14). American Concrete Institute, Michigan, USAGoogle Scholar
  5. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) (2010) Minimum design loads for buildings and other structures. ASCE/SEI Standard 7-10, Reston, VirginiaGoogle Scholar
  6. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) (2014) Seismic rehabilitation of existing buildings. ASCE/SEI 41-13, 1st edition, Reston, VirginiaGoogle Scholar
  7. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) (2017) Minimum design loads and associated criteria for buildings and other structures. ASCE/SEI Standard 7-16, Reston, VirginiaGoogle Scholar
  8. Asahina D, Bolander JE, Berton S (2004) Design optimization of passive devices in multi-degree of freedom structures. In: 13th world conference on earthquake engineering, 1–6 Aug, Vancouver, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  9. British Standards Institution (1990) Steel, concrete and composite bridges. Part 9. Bridge bearings, section 9.1 code of practice for design of bridge bearings, BS5400: section 9.1:1983, London, UKGoogle Scholar
  10. Constantinou MC, Whittaker AS, Kalpakidis Y, Fenz DM, Warn GP (2007) Performance of seismic isolation hardware under service and seismic loading. Report No. MCEER-07-0012, Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, Buffalo, NYGoogle Scholar
  11. Cosenza E, Manfredi G (1996) Seismic design based on low cycle fatigue criteria. In: 11th world conference on earthquake engineering, 23–28 June, Acapulco, Mexico, Paper No. 1141Google Scholar
  12. Filiatrault A, Cherry S (1990) Seismic design spectra for friction-damped structures. J Struct Eng 116(5):1334–1355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fitzgerald TF, Anagnos T, Goodson M, Zsutty T (1989) Slotted bolted connections in aseismic design for concentrically braced connections. Earthq Spectra 5:383–391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fujita K, Moustafa A, Takewaki I (2010) Optimal placement of viscoelastic dampers and supporting members under variable critical excitations. Earthq Struct 1(1):43–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ganjavi B, Hajirasouliha I, Bolourchi A (2016) Optimum lateral load distribution for seismic design of nonlinear shear-buildings considering soil–structure interaction. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 88:356–368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gluck N, Reinhorn AM, Gluck J, Levy R (1996) Design of supplemental dampers for control of structures. J Struct Eng 122:1394–1399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Grigorian CE, Yang TS, Popov EP (1993) Slotted bolted connection energy dissipators. Earthq Spectra 9(3):491–504CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hajirasouliha I, Doostan A (2010) A simplified model for seismic response prediction of concentrically braced frames. Adv Eng Softw 41(3):497–505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hajirasouliha I, Pilakoutas K (2012) General seismic load distribution for optimum performance-based design of shear-buildings. J Earthq Eng 16(4):443–462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hajirasouliha I, Pilakoutas K, Moghaddam H (2011) Topology optimization for the seismic design of truss-like structures. Comput Struct 89:702–711CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hajirasouliha I, Asadi P, Pilakoutas K (2012) An efficient performance-based seismic design method for reinforced concrete frames. Earthq Eng Struct Dyn 41:663–679CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hejazi F, Toloue I, Jaafar MS, Noorzaei J (2013) Optimization of earthquake energy dissipation system by genetic algorithm. Comput Aided Civil Infrastruct Eng 28:796–810Google Scholar
  23. Honarparast S, Mehmandoust S (2012) Optimum distribution of slip load of friction dampers using multi-objective genetic algorithm. In: 15th world conference on earthquake engineering, Lisbon, PortugalGoogle Scholar
  24. International Building Code (IBC) (2015) International Code Council, Country Club Hills, USAGoogle Scholar
  25. Krawinkler H, Zohrei M (1983) Cumulative damage in steel structures subjected to earthquake ground motions. Comput Struct 16:531–541CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Lavan O, Dargush GF (2009) Multi-objective evolutionary seismic design with passive energy dissipation systems. J Earthq Eng 13:758–790CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lavan O, Levy R (2006) Optimal peripheral drift control of 3D supplemental viscous dampers. J Earthq Eng 10(6):903–923Google Scholar
  28. Levy R, Lavan O (2006) Fully stressed design of passive controllers in framed structures for seismic loadings. Struct Multidiscip Optim 32(6):485–498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Marsh C (2000) Friction dampers to control building motionics. Archit Sci Rev 43:109–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Martinez CA, Curadelli O, Compagnoni ME (2014) Optimal placement of nonlinear hysteretic dampers on planar structures under seismic excitation. Eng Struct 65:89–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Miguel LFF, Miguel LFF, Lopez RH (2014) Robust design optimization of friction dampers for structural response control. Struct Control Health Monit 21:1240–1251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Miguel LFF, Miguel LFF, Lopez RH (2016a) Failure probability minimization of buildings through passive friction dampers. Struct Des Tall Spec Build 25:869–885CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Miguel LFF, Miguel LFF, Lopez RH (2016b) Simultaneous optimization of force and placement of friction dampers under seismic loading. Eng Optim 48:586–602CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Milman MH, Chu C-C (1994) Optimization methods for passive damper placement and tuning. J Guid Control Dyn 17(4):848–856CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Miner MA (1945) Cumulative damage in fatigue. J Appl Mech 12(3):159–164Google Scholar
  36. Moghaddam H, Hajirasouliha I (2008) Optimum strength distribution for seismic design. Struct Des Tall Spec Build 17:331–349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Moreschi LM, Singh MP (2003) Design of yielding metallic and friction dampers for optimal seismic performance. Earthq Eng Struct Dyn 32:1291–1311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Mualla IH (2000) Experimental evaluation of new friction damper device. In: 12th world conference on earthquake engineering, Auckland, New ZealandGoogle Scholar
  39. Murakami Y, Noshi K, Fujita K, Tsuji M, Takewaki I (2013) Simultaneous optimal damper placement using oil, hysteretic and inertial mass dampers. Earthq Struct 5(3):261–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Nabid N, Hajirasouliha I, Petkovski M (2017) A practical method for optimum seismic design of friction wall dampers. Earthq Spectra 33(3):1033–1052CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Nikoukalam MT, Mirghaderi SR, Dolatshahi KM (2015) Analytical study of moment-resisting frames retrofitted with shear slotted bolted connection. J Struct Eng ASCE 141(11):1–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Pall AS, Marsh C (1982) Response of friction damped braced frames. J Struct Div Proc Am Soc Civ Eng CASCE 108:1313–1323Google Scholar
  43. Pall AS, Pall RT (2004) Performance-based design using pall friction dampers—an economical design solution. In: 13th world conference on earthquake engineering, 1–6 Aug, Vancouver, Canada. Paper No. 1955Google Scholar
  44. Park JH, Kim J, Min KW (2004) Optimal design of added viscoelastic dampers and supporting braces. Earthq Eng Struct Dyn 33(4):465–484CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Patro SK, Sinha R (2010) Seismic performance of dry-friction devices in shear-frame buildings. J Civ Eng Archit 4(12):1–19Google Scholar
  46. PEER NGA (2016) Online database. http://peer.berkeley.edu/nga/search.html. Accessed 23 Feb 2016
  47. Petkovski M, Waldron P (2003) Optimum friction forces for passive control of the seismic response of multi-storey buildings. In: Proceedings, 40 years of European Earthquake Engineering SE40EEE, Ohrid, MacedoniaGoogle Scholar
  48. Powell GH, Allahabadi R (1988) Seismic damage prediction by deterministic methods: concepts and procedures. Earthq Eng Struct Dyn 16:719–734CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Prakash V, Powell GH, Campbell S (1993) DRAIN-2DX base program description and user guide, version 1.10. University of California, Berkeley, CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
  50. Sadek F, Mohraz B, Taylor AW, Chung RM (1996) Passive energy dissipation devices for seismic applications. Building and Fire Research Laboratory National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Gaithersburg, Maryland, USAGoogle Scholar
  51. Sasani M, Popov EP (1997) Experimental and analytical studies on the seismic behavior of lightweight concrete panels with friction energy dissipators. Earthquake Engineering Research Centre, Report No. UBC/EERC-97/17, Berkeley, CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
  52. Sasani M, Popov EP (2001) Seismic energy dissipators for RC panels. J Eng Mech 127(8):835–843CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Shirkhani A, Mualla IH, Shabakhty N, Mousavi SR (2015) Behavior of steel frames with rotational friction dampers by endurance time method. J Constr Steel Res 107:211–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Singh MP, Moreschi LM (2001) Optimal seismic response control with dampers. Earthq Eng Struct Dyn 30:553–572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Symans MD, Charney FA, Whittaker AS, Constantinou MC, Kircher CA, Johnson MW, McNamara RJ (2008) Energy dissipation systems for seismic applications: current practice and recent developments. J Struct Eng 134(1):3–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Takewaki I (2011) Building control with passive dampers: optimal performance-based design for earthquakes. Wiley, Singapore, pp 51–75Google Scholar
  57. Teran-Gilmore A, Jirsa JO (2004) The concept of cumulative ductility strength spectra and its use within performance-based seismic design. ISET J Earthq Technol 41(1):183–200Google Scholar
  58. Uetani K, Tsuji M, Takewaki I (2003) Application of an optimum design method to practical building frames with viscous dampers and hysteretic dampers. Eng Struct 25(5):579–592CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Vanmarke EH (1976) SIMQKE: a program for artificial motion generation, user’s manual and documentation. Department of Civil Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  60. Whittle JK, Williams MS, Karavasilis TL, Blakeborough A (2012) A comparison of viscous damper placement methods for improving seismic building design. J Earthq Eng 16(4):540–560CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Whittle JK, Williams MS, Karavasilis TL (2013) Optimal placement of viscous dampers for seismic building design, chapter 2. In: Lagaros ND, Plevris V, Mitropoulou CC (eds) Design optimization of active and passive structural control systems. IGI Global, Hershey, pp 34–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Wu B, Zhang J, Williams MS, Ou J (2005) Hysteretic behavior of improved pall-typed frictional dampers. Eng Struct 27:1258–1267CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil and Structural EngineeringThe University of SheffieldSheffieldUK

Personalised recommendations