Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering

, Volume 16, Issue 8, pp 3567–3570 | Cite as

Seismic hazard map of the Middle East

  • Domenico Giardini
  • Laurentiu DanciuEmail author
  • Mustafa Erdik
  • Karin Şeşetyan
  • Mine B. Demircioğlu Tümsa
  • Sinan Akkar
  • Levent Gülen
  • Mehdi Zare
Original Research Paper


The collaborative project Earthquake Model of the Middle East (EMME, 2010–2015) brought together scientists and engineers from the leading research institutions in the region and delivered state-of-the-art seismic hazard assessment covering Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cyprus, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Pakistan, Syria and Turkey. Their efforts have been materialized in the first homogenized seismic hazard model comprising earthquake catalogues, mapped active faults, strong motions databank, ground motion models and the estimated ground motion values for various intensity measure types and relevant return periods (e.g. 475–5000 years). The reference seismic hazard map of the Middle East, depicts the mean values of peak ground acceleration with a 10% chance of exceedance in 50 years, corresponding to a mean return period of 475 years. A full resolution poster is provided with this contribution.


Seismic hazard map of the Middle East EMME project Probabilistic seismic hazard Hazard assessment Earthquake Model of the Middle East 



We would like to acknowledge the collaborative efforts of the members of the EMME consortium as well as various local and regional researchers who have contributed to EMME-SHM14 by providing feedback to the hazard model and results. Among these are: Naweed Alam, Hanan Al-Nimry, Tawfiq Al-Yazjeen, Muheeb Awawdeh, Vakhdang Arabidze, Nick Arevadze, Arif Axhundov, Samvel Babayan, Ramy El-Khoury, Mohsen Ghafory-Ashtiany, Christis Chrysostomou, Jose Feghali, Nino Gaguadze, Guy Ghosn, Alexandre Gventcadze, Ebru Harmandar, Romy Helou, Gohar Hovahannisyan, Yiğit İnce, Rasheed Jaradat, Yaver Kamer, Sepideh Karimi, Adnan Khasawneh, Dinçer Köksal, Mukesh, Kumar, Nicholas Kyriakides, Sarosh H Lodi, Babak Mansouri, Orhan Can Özalp, Saud Quraan, S.F.A. Rafeeqi, Nino Sadradze, Ravi Sinha, Cüneyt Tüzün, Gianluca Valensise, Mohammad Reza Zolfaghari. We thank Marco Pagani, Damiano Monelli and Graeme Weatherill at Global Earthquake Model for their help and guidance throughout the project. We also thank Jochen Woessner (SHARE-Project), Stefano Parolai, Dino Bindi and Shahid Ullah (EMCA-Project) for their efforts on cross-border harmonization. Finally, we would like to express our gratitude to the OpenQuake IT development team, which provided constant and steady support during the EMME project. Namely, the support was granted by: Michele Simionato, Daniele Vigano and Lars Butler.

Access to data and results

EMME products, data and results are available and documented through the web-platform of the European Facilities for Earthquake Hazard and Risk (

List of contributors

EMME Coordinators—Prof. D. Giardini, Department of Earth Sciences, ETH Zurich, Switzerland, Prof. M. Erdik, Bogazici University, Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute, Istanbul, Turkey; EMME Project Manager—Seismic Hazard: Karin Şeşetyan, Boğaziçi University, Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute, Istanbul, Turkey.

EMME Seismic Hazard Integration Team: Karin Şeşetyan, Boğaziçi University, Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute, Istanbul, Turkey; Mine B. Demircioğlu-Tümsa, Boğaziçi University, Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute, Istanbul, Turkey, Presently, Part time, Gebze Technical University, Department of Civil Engineering, Kocaeli, Turkey; Laurentiu Danciu, Swiss Seimological Service, at ETH Zurich, Switzerland.

Main contributors—Together with the editors of the poster, the main contributors to the seismic hazard map of the Middle East are: Shota Adamia, Mahmood Al-Qaryouti, Anooshiravan Ansari, Avetis Arakelyan, Ayşegül Askan, Mher Avanesyan, Hektor Babayan, Roberto Basili, Jean-Pierre Burg, Tamaz Chelidze, Raffi Durgaryan, Ata Elias, Hossein Hamzehloo, Khaled Hessami, Doğan Kalafat, Özkan Kale, Arkady Karakhanyan, Muhammad Asif Khan, Tahir Mamadli, Andrea N. Rovida, Mohammad Sayab, Massimiliano Stucchi, Nino Tsereteli, Murat Utkucu, Otar Varazanashvili, Mohammad Waseem, Hilal Yalçın and Mustafa Tolga Yılmaz.

Supplementary material

10518_2018_347_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (66.7 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 68286 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesETH ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research InstituteBoğaziçi UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Geophysical EngineeringSakarya UniversitySerdivanTurkey
  4. 4.International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and SeismologyTehranIran
  5. 5.Department of Civil EngineeringGebze Technical UniversityKocaeliTurkey

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